A Comparative Study: The Economic Thoughts of Ibn Khaldun and Karl Marx

  • Singgih Muheramtohadi UIN Walisongo Semarang

Abstract

This paper aims to compare the two great minds of Ibn Khaldun and Karl Marx in terms of their similaritiesand differences. In term of similarities, Ibn Khaldunsuggests the fall of empire sovereigntywhich is in linewith Karl Marx's idea of the ​​destruction of capitalism. According to Karl Marx, the development of modes of production from time to time is a necessity. Whereas, Ibn Khaldun in his book of Al-Muqaddimah argues thatthe fall of empire sovereignty is rooted in the nature of its power. Marx assumes that the capitalistsystem ‘inevitably’ will continuously foster the surplus value, while Ibn Khaldun states that the nature of power is about pursuing luxuries.This research applied descriptive comparative and qualitative approach.The study concludes that there are some similarities between Ibn Khaldun and Karl Marxalthoughthere are more distinct differences. This is because of the following factors:(1) life background, (2) assumption used by both figures, (3) social state of the society, and (4) influence of the previous scientific thoughts. The difference in the course of economic conception -work, surplus value, and the law of necessity-lies in the paradigm which both concepts use. Ibn Khaldun applies induction approach bysummarizing the general case of many historical events and disappearance of the former empires. Whereas, Marx uses class conflict approach as the basis for his theory. As its implication,similarities ofthese concepts do not necessarily require the same paradigm. A review of economic thought of the preceding figures should apply a contextual approach, that is, from the condition of the relevant figure.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Akbar, T. S. (2015). Manusia dan Pendidikan Menurut Pemikiran Ibn Khaldun dan John Dewey.Jurnal Ilmiah Didaktika, 15(2), 222-243.

Dua, M. (2008). Filsafat Ekonomi: Upaya Mencari Kesejahteraan Bersama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Enan, M. A., & Khaldun, I. (2013).His Life and Work.Penerjemah: Machnun Husein, Biografi Ibnu Khaldun, Jakarta, Zaman.

Farihah, I. (2015). Filsafat Materialisme Karl Marx (Epistimologi Dialectical and Historical Materialism). Fikrah, 3(2), 431-454.

Hadiwijono, H. (1980). Sari sejarah filsafat barat.Yogyakarta:Kanisius.

Hanafi, H., & Faqih, M. (2004).Islamologi 2: Dari Rasionalisme ke Empirisme. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Harris, C. L. (1981). Evolution: genesis and revelations: with readings from Empedocles to Wilson. SUNY Press.

Khaldun, I. (2000). Muqaddimat Ibn Khaldūn. Tran. Ahmadie Thoha, Jakarta,Indonesia: Pustaka Firdaus.

Magnis-Suseno, F. (1999).Pemikiran Karl Marx: dari sosialisme utopis ke perselisihan revisionisme. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Martono, N. (2014). Sosiologi Pendidikan Michel Foucault: Pengetahuan, Kekuasaan, Disiplin, Hukuman dan Seksualitas. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Marx, K. (1909). Das kapital (Vol. 1). Рипол Классик: A Critique of Political EconomyDas Kapital: A Critique of Political Economy. Washington DC, USA: Regnery Publishing.

Nitecki, M. H., & Nitecki, D. V. (Eds.).(1992). History and evolution.SUNY Press.

Pals, D. L. (1996).Seven theories of religion (p. ix294). New York: Oxford University Press.

Purwanto, B. (2008). Perspektif Baru Penulisan Sejarah Indonesia. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor.

Smith, L., & Raeper, W. (2000).Ide ide filsafat dan agama dulu dan sekarang.Kanisius.

Wirawan, I. B. (2012). Teori-Teori Sosial dalam Tiga Paradigma (Fakta Sosial, Definisi Sosial dan Prilaku Sosial) Edisi Pertama. Jakarta: Kencana Prenadamedia Group.

Zeleny, J. (2004), Logika Marx: Analisis Dalam Kapital Marx, Kritik Marx Terhadap Hegel, Keberadaan Praxis Nalar. Jakarta: Hasta MitraHasta Mitra.
Published
2018-06-21
How to Cite
MUHERAMTOHADI, Singgih. A Comparative Study: The Economic Thoughts of Ibn Khaldun and Karl Marx. International Journal of Islamic Business and Economics (IJIBEC), [S.l.], p. 51-64, june 2018. ISSN 2615-420X. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/IJIBEC/article/view/1249>. Date accessed: 19 nov. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/ijibec.v2i1.1249.
Section
Articles