Determinants of Graduate Youth Unemployment

(A Case Study in West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia)

  • Diriba Ayele Gebisa Ambo University Ethiopia
  • Negash Geleta Etana Ambo University Ethiopia


Today, youth unemployment is a common agenda and a critical issue of all countries; particularly in developing countries. In Ethiopia, lack of employment opportunities for educated young people is a critical development challenges facing the country. The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of graduate youth unemployment. To answer the research objective data was collected by a structured questionnaire from 312 samples of respondents, wherein a snow ball sampling technique was used and data was analyzed using mixed research design, descriptive and casual design; where a binary logistic regression model used to examine the relationship between dependent and independent variables. The result indicated that amongst the nine variables of the determinants of graduate youth unemployment; education, number of graduates, work experience, career advice, market information, family income, aspire to the low-income job, and education quality, all were significantly affected unemployment rate except entrepreneurial ability. As a result, based on these findings, it can be recommended that there is a critical need for government, NGOs and all other stakeholders to work on these determinants to reduce graduate unemployment.


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How to Cite
GEBISA, Diriba Ayele; ETANA, Negash Geleta. Determinants of Graduate Youth Unemployment. International Journal of Islamic Business and Economics (IJIBEC), [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 90-103, nov. 2019. ISSN 2615-420X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 09 apr. 2020. doi: