Determinants of Graduate Youth Unemployment

(A Case Study in West Shoa Zone, Ethiopia)

  • Diriba Ayele Gebisa Ambo University Ethiopia
  • Negash Geleta Etana Ambo University Ethiopia


Today, youth unemployment is a common agenda and a critical issue of all countries; particularly in developing countries. In Ethiopia, lack of employment opportunities for educated young people is a critical development challenges facing the country. The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of graduate youth unemployment. To answer the research objective data was collected by a structured questionnaire from 312 samples of respondents, wherein a snow ball sampling technique was used and data was analyzed using mixed research design, descriptive and casual design; where a binary logistic regression model used to examine the relationship between dependent and independent variables. The result indicated that amongst the nine variables of the determinants of graduate youth unemployment; education, number of graduates, work experience, career advice, market information, family income, aspire to the low-income job, and education quality, all were significantly affected unemployment rate except entrepreneurial ability. As a result, based on these findings, it can be recommended that there is a critical need for government, NGOs and all other stakeholders to work on these determinants to reduce graduate unemployment.


Download data is not yet available.


Abshoko, A. D. (2016). Determinants Of Youth Unemployment; Evidence From Ethiopia, Global Journal of Human-Social Science: A Arts & Humanities - Psychology Volume 16,ISSN: 2249- 460x & Print ISSN: 0975-587X.

Anh, D. N., Le Bach Duong, N. H., & Van, N. H. (2005). Youth employment in Viet Nam: Characteristics, determinants and policy responses. International Labour Office.

Asmare, Y., & Mulatie, M. (2014). A tale of youth graduates unemployment. Global Journal of Human Social Science (A), 14(4), 46-51.

Assaad, R., & Levison, D. (2013). Employment for youth–A growing Challenge for the global economy.
Commissioned Paper for the High-Level Panel on Post-2015 UN MDG Development Agenda Employment and Economic Growth, University of Minnesota, 166.

Baah‐Boateng, W. (2013). Determinants of unemployment in Ghana. African Development Review, 25(4), 385-399.

Batu, M. M. (2016). Determinants of Youth Unemployment in Urban Areas of Ethiopia. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 6(5).

Broussard, N., & Tekleselassie, T. G. (2012). Youth unemployment: Ethiopia country study. International Growth Centre. Working Paper, 12, 0592.

Cole, J. (2004). Fresh contact in Tamatave, Madagascar: Sex, money, and intergenerational transformation. American Ethnologist, 31(4), 573-588.

Dale, B. B. (2014). Unemployment experience of youth in Addis Ababa. A Research Paper in partial fulfillment of the requirements for obtaining the degree of Master of Arts in Development Studies. International Institute of Social Studies.

Denu, B., Tekeste, A., & Van Der Deijl, H. (2005). Characteristics and determinants of youth unemployment, underemployment and inadequate employment in Ethiopia. International Labour Office.

Gizaw, S. (2011). A glimpse of urban youth unemployment in Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Development Research, 33(2), 1-41.

Godfrey, M. (2003). Youth employment policy in developing and transition countries: Prevention as well as cure. World Bank, Social Protection.

Guarcello, L., & Rosati, F. (2007). Child labor and youth employment: Ethiopia Country Study. World Bank Social Protection Working Paper Series, Washington DC: World Bank.

Hassan, K. E. S. United Arab Emirates Dubai Municipality & United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
International Labor Office. (2001). Global Employment Trends for Youth 2001: A Generation at Risk.

Kabaklarli, E., Hazel, P., & Buluş, A. (2011, August). Economic Determinants Of Turkish Youth Unemployment Problem: Co Integration Analysis. In International Conference On Applied Economics–ICOAE (Vol. 267, p. 272).

Kassa, A. F. (2012). Unemployment in Urban Ethiopia: Determinants and Impact on household welfare. Ethiopian Journal of Economics, 21(2), 127-157.

Kellow, N., Ayele, G., & Yusuf, H. (2010). Enabling the private sector to contribute to the reduction of urban youth unemployment in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa Chamber of Commerce and Sectoral Associations.

LetenahEjigu (2011). Performance Analysis of a sample Microfinance Institutions of Ethiopia‟ Ph.D. thesis, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Mains, D. (2012). Hope is cut: Youth, unemployment, and the future in urban Ethiopia. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Msigwa, R., & Kipesha, E. F. (2013). Determinants of youth unemployment in developing countries: Evidences from Tanzania.

Murrugarra, E., Larrison, J., & Sasin, M. (Eds.). (2010). Migration and poverty: Towards better opportunities for the poor. The World Bank.

Nayak, B. K. (2014). Unemployment in Ethiopia: A Call for an Action. International Journal of Management and Social Sciences Research (IJMSSR), 3(4), 34-40.

Nganwa, P., Assefa, D., & Mbaka, P. (2015). The Nature and Determinants of Urban Youth Unemployment in Ethiopia. Public Policy and Administration Research, 5(3).

Sampson, R. J. (1992). Linking the micro and macro levels of lifestyle routine activity and opportunity models of predatory victimization. Quant. Criminal. 3: 371-393.

Saptakee, J.P. (2011). Causes of Graduate Unemployment in Nigeria. Buzle online article

Serneels, P. (2004). The Nature of Unemployment in Ethiopia. CSAE WPS/2004-01.

Serneels, P. (2007). “Explaining Duration Dependence among the Unemployed”, CSAE Working Paper, University of Oxford.

Tulu, S. K. (2017). A Qualitative Assessment of Unemployment and Psychology Fresh Graduates’ Job Expectation and Preference. Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, 6(2), 21.

Venatus, K. V., & Agnes, I. (2010). Youth Unemployment in Nigeria: Causes and Related Issues/Les Problèmes Du Chômage Des Jeunes Au Nigéria: Causes Et Questions Associées. Canadian social science, 6(4), 231.

World Bank. ETHIOPIA Urban Labor Markets in Ethiopia: Challenges and Prospects. Volume I: Synthesis Report Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Unit Africa (Region), 2007.
How to Cite
GEBISA, Diriba Ayele; ETANA, Negash Geleta. Determinants of Graduate Youth Unemployment. International Journal of Islamic Business and Economics (IJIBEC), [S.l.], v. 3, n. 2, p. 89-102, nov. 2019. ISSN 2615-420X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 18 jan. 2020. doi: