Perempuan dalam Jaringan Radikalisme vis a vis Terorisme Global

  • Moh. Rosyid IAIN Kudus

Abstract

This paper discusses about women in the framework of a global radical network on behalf of Islam as the basis of their struggle. This study uses a qualitative approach, with data sources from mass media and electronic media (newspapers, television, social media, etc.). Data collection techniques using document study. Analysis techniques use content analysis. The results show that women's involvement in the terrorist movement has been identified since the 1970s, where women became bombers after being brainwashed by male terrorists. Factors that led to the involvement of women in the global terrorism network, namely: 1) as an escape because of the discriminatory treatment that befell them; 2) reasons for concern over the inequalities suffered by the global Muslim community; 3) narrow religious awareness so that by becoming terrorists they feel they have the same social position as male terrorists in jihad; 4) psychologically unstable because of problems, and they surf on social media, so they are vulnerable to being trapped as terrorists and; 5) women whose husbands become terrorists are also involved as terrorists. The strategy carried out by terrorist groups in conquering women is by marrying them, even marrying them through social media that is legalized and / or legalized, so that according to the husband's wishes.

References

Abimanyu, B. (2006). Teror Bom Azahari-Noor Din. Republika: Jakarta
Azra, A. (2015). Waspadai Paham Radikal. Kompas, 7 April 2015.
Bashori, A. D. (Ed). (2001) Osama bin Laden Melawan Amerika. Mizan: Bandung..
Baskara, N. (2009). Gerilyawan-Gerilyawan Militan Islam dari Al-Qaeda, Hizbullah, hingga Hamas. Narasi: Yogyakarta.
Esposito, J. L. (2003). Unholy War. LKiS: Yogyakarta.
Gunawan, B. (2006). Terorisme Mitos dan Konspirasi. Forum Media Utama: Jakarta.
Golose, P. R. (2009). Deradikalisasi Terorisme Humanis, Soul Approach dan Menyentuh Akar Rumput. Yayasan Pengembangan Kajian Ilmu Kepolisian (YPKIK): Jakarta.
Hendropriyono. AM. (2009). Terorisme Fundamentalisme Kristen, Yahudi, Islam. Kompas: Jakarta.
Maulani, Z. A. (2002). Perang Afghanistan Perang Menegakkan Hegemoni Amerika di Asia Tengah. Dalancang Seta: Jakarta.
Muhammad, A. (2010). Terorisme Ideologi Penebar Ketakutan. Liris: Surabaya.
Milla, M. N. (2010). Mengapa Memilih Jalan Teror: Analisis Psikologi Pelaku Teror. UGM Press: Yogyakarta.
Marcoes, L. (2015). Merindu Bidadari. Kompas, 25 Maret 2015.
Majalah Tempo. (2016). edisi 19-25 Desember 2016.
Purwawidada, F. (2014). Jaringan Baru Teroris Solo. Gramedia
Pondok Pesantren Lirboyo Kediri. (2018). Kritik Ideologi Radikal Deradikalisasi Doktrin Keagamaan Ekstrem dalam Upaya Meneguhkan Islam Berwawasan Kebangsaan. Lirboyo Press: Kediri.
Salenda, K. (2009) Terorisme dan Jihad dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam. Balitbang dan Diklat Depag RI: Jakarta.
Singh, B. & Mulkhan, A. M. (2012). Jejaring Radikalisme Islam di Indonesia Jejak sang Pengantin Bom Bunuh Diri. Jogya Bangkit Publisher: Yogyakarta.
Ali, A. S. (2014). Al-Qaeda Tinjauan Sosial-Politik Ideologi dan Sepak Terjangnya. LP3ES: Jakarta.
Siraj, S. A. (2017) Perempuan dan Terorisme. Kompas, Kamis 5 Januari 2017.
Published
2018-12-25
How to Cite
ROSYID, Moh.. Perempuan dalam Jaringan Radikalisme vis a vis Terorisme Global. MUWAZAH, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 2, p. 162-182, dec. 2018. ISSN 2502-5368. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/Muwazah/article/view/1782>. Date accessed: 28 feb. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/muwazah.v10i2.1782.