Strengthening Social Capital in Implementing Gender Equitable Health Service: Contraceptive for Woman at Risk (Contra WaR)

  • Alifiulahtin Utaminingsih Universitas Brawijaya

Abstract

This article presents the results of research on social capital and innovation of public service in the field of maternal and child health called (Contra WaR). Social capital and public service innovation are assumed to be able to lower the risk of women while program pregnancy until childbirth. This research was conducted in Malang district, using a case study approach with data collection techniques in deep observation and interviews. The informant is determined using the purposive sampling i.e. the relevant Dinas, women married to the fertile age, who are pregnant and at high risk. The results showed that the social capital in the form of value and norms, network and trust are able to erode the views of Javanese people who declare many children a lot of sustenance to multiply offspring. Implementation of the Strategy innovation Contra WaR; First, integrated services; Secondly, creating a social network that focuses on pregnancy delays for women of childbearing age who have a high risk of illness; Third, community involvement as a health cadre; Fourth, the utilization of information and communication technology accelerates the socialization of proper contraceptive use according to the disease he sustained. The supporting factors of the program Contra WaR is increasing public awareness to healthy living, the establishment of field officers and cadres. While the inhibitory factor is the lack of level of compliance of field officers, the trust of many children is a lot of sustenance.

References

Abdullah, S. (2013). Potensi dan kekuatan modal sosial dalam suatu komunitas. Jurnal Socius, 12 (2), 14-21.

Al’amin, A. (2017). Penerapan program pemberdayaan dan kesejahteraan keluarga (PKK) (Studi tentang modal sosial pada pelaksanaan bidang kesehatan, pendidikan dan keterampilan program PKK Kelurahan Simpang Baru Kecamatan Tampan Kota Pekanbaru). Jos FISIP, 4(2), 1-15.

Andriani, M. & Janianton, D. (2019). Pengarusutamaan gender dalam implementasi program keluarga berencana di Kota Yogyakarta. Jurnal Penelitian Kesejahteraan Sosial, 18(2), 167-178.

Anggraini, M. D. (2017). Inovasi pelayanan stop angka kematian ibu dan anak (sakina) oleh puskesmas Sempu Kecamatan Sempu Kabupaten Banyuwangi. [Master’s thesis, Universitas Jember]. UNEJ Repository. reposity.unej.ac.id/handle/123456789/83428

Antoni, A. (2018). Gambaran tingkat pengetahuan ibu hamil tentang pencegahan dan pelaksanaan resiko tinggi kehamilan di Kelurahan Tabing wilayah kerja puskesmas Lubuk Buaya Padang. Jurnal Menara Ilmu, 12(3), 11-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33559/mi.v12i3.704

Arianto, K. & Fitriana, E. N. (2013). Modal sosial dalam kemandirian masyarakat di bidang kesehatan. Jurnal Kebijakan & Administrasi Publik, 7(2), 37-49. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.6853

Caldwell, M. T. et al., (2018). Effective contraception use by usual source of care: An opportunity for prevention. Women’s Helath Issues, 110(11), 1-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2018.03.001

Dewa, D. M. S. K., Wulandari, L. P. L., & Wirawan, D. N. (2018). Determinan sosial kerentanan perempuan terhadap penularan IMS dan HIV. JPH RECORD E-Journal Unair, 2(1), 22-35. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20473/jphrecode.v2i1.16250

Fathy, R. (2019). Modal sosial: Konsep, inklusivitas dan pemberdayaan masyarakat. Jurnal Pemikiran Sosiologi, 6(1), 1-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jps.v6i1.47463

Ferreira-Filho, E. S. et al., (2020). Contraception and reproductive planning during the covid-19 pandemic. Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology, 34(2), 1-22. DOI: 10.1080/17512433.2020.1782738

Fielding-Miller, R. et al., (2020). Gender, justice and empowerment: Creating the world we want to see. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 22(1), 1-12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13691058.2020.1736843

Grabe, S. et al., (2020). Reproductive justice: The role of community-based organizational participation in reproductive decision-making and educational aspirations among women in Nicaragua. Journal of Social Issues, 76(2), 1-25. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/josi.12377

Haridison, A. (2013). Modal sosial dalam pembangunan. JISPAR FISIP Universitas Palangka Raya, 4, 35-42.

Heil, S. H. et al., (2019). “Innovative approaches to reduce unintended pregnancy and improve access to contranception among women who use opiods”. Preventive Medicine, 110(10), 1-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.105794

Indrawati, N. D., Fitriani, N. D., & Siti, N. (2016). Peningkatan pengetahuan dan sikap ibu hamil resiko tinggi dengan penyuluhan berbasis media. RAKERNAS AIPKEMA. 267-275.

Komalasari, M. A. (2019). Kapabilitas manusia dan pemanfaatan modal sosial dalam pemberdayaan masyarakat: suatu upaya mengatasi kesenjangan. E-Jurnal KEMENSOS, 43(2), 23-34. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31105/mipks.v43i2.2146

Masiano, S. P. et al., (2019). The effects of community-based distribution of family planning services on contraceptive use: the case of a national scale-up in Malawi”. Social Science & Medicine, 238, 1-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.112490

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis. California: SAGE Publications.

Mulyani, S., Mangesti. Y.A., & Suryana, A. (2017). Implementasi hak reproduksi perempuan dalam program keluarga berencana berdasarkan undang-undang nomor 52 tahun 2009 tentang perkembangan kependudukan dan pembangunan keluarga. Jurnal Pasca Sarjana Hukum UNS, 5(2), 52-60.

Moniz, M. H., et al. (2017). Performance measures for contraceptive care. Contraception Quality Metrics, 130(5), 1-5. DOI: 10.1097/AOG.0000000000002314

Moniz, M. H. (2018). Association of access to family planning services with medical expansion among female enrollees in Michigan. JAMA Network Open, 1(4), 1-12. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2018.1627

Mosher, W. et al., (2015). Nonuse of contraception among women at risk of unintended pregnancy in the United States. Contraception, 92(2), 170-176. DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2015.05.004

Nears, J. (2008). Health insurance coverage and prescription contraceptive use among young women at risk for unintended pregnancy. Contraception, 79, 105-110. DOI: https:/doi:10.1016/j.contraception.2008.08.004

Noor, I. (2013). Desain inovasi pemerintahan daerah. Malang: UB Press.
Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat (PNPM) Mandiri. (2018). Petunjuk Teknis Penguatan Modal Sosial.

Pratiwi, E. D., & Susiana. S. (2015). Agama dengan keikutsertaan keluarga berencana (kb) dan pemilihan jenis alat kontrasepsi pada Pasangan Usia Subur (PUS) di Desa Argomulyo Sedayu Bantul Yogyakarta. Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia, 3(1), 1-9.

Puspita, D. R. et al., (2014). Model penyuluhan KB berbasis gender dalam mencegah kekerasan dalam rumah tangga di Kabupaten Purbalingga. Jurnal Dinamika Hukum, 14(3), 420-429. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20884/1.jdh.2014.14.3.308

Ramadani, M., Nursal. D. G. A., & Ramli. L. (2015). Role of health worker and family in teenage pregnancy. Jurnal kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional, 10(2), 87-92. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v10i2.885

Ramadhon, A. (2018). Sinergitas instansi pelayanan kesehatan di Kota Malang melalui program jaminan kesehatan nasional (studi mekanisme pendataan bagi warga miskin dalam menerima PBI). [Master’s thesis, University of Muhammadiyah Malang]. eprint.umm.ac.id/39302/

Shobirin, R. (2019, August 20). Dinkes Kabupaten Malang: Angka kematian bayi dan ibu terus turun. Timesindonesia. www.timesindonesia.co.id/read/news/202636/dinkes-kabupaten-malang-angka-kematian-bayi-dan-ibu-terus-menurun.

Sobari, W. (2019). Problem ideologi hingga kepemimpinan: Urgensi revisi undang-undang pelayanan publik. Jurnal Borneo Administrator media Pengembangan Paradigma dan Inovasi Sistem Administrasi Negara, 15(2), 123-145. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24258/jba.v15i2.501

Sofiah et al., (2016). Pencegahan kematian ibu dan anak melalui pendekatan strategi komunikasi pada program emas (expanding material and neonatal survival). Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 14(3), 165-174. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31315/jik.v14i3.2129

Sulaeman. E. S., Bhisma, M., & Waryana. (2015). Roles of Leadership, Social Capital, Information Access as well as Health Duty and Facilitator within Public Empowerment in Health Sector. Kesmas: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional, 9(4), 353-361.

Upson, K. et al., (2010). Factor associated with contraceptive nonuse among US women ages 35-44 years at risk of unwanted pregnancy. Contraception, 81, 427-434. DOI: 10.1016/j.contraception.2009.12.013

Wardhani, A. K. (2016). Dukungan modal sosial dan modal budaya pada kesehatan ibu dan anak di Desa Temoran Kabupaten Sampang Provinsi Jawa Timur. Etnoreflika, 5(1): 45-53. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33772/etnoreflika.v5i1.267

White, K. (2002). An Introduction to the Sociology of Health and Illness. London: Sage Publications.
Published
2020-12-08
How to Cite
UTAMININGSIH, Alifiulahtin. Strengthening Social Capital in Implementing Gender Equitable Health Service: Contraceptive for Woman at Risk (Contra WaR). MUWAZAH: Jurnal Kajian Gender, [S.l.], p. 135-154, dec. 2020. ISSN 2502-5368. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/Muwazah/article/view/3451>. Date accessed: 08 mar. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/muwazah.v12i2.3451.
Section
Artikel