Ideal Type of Islamic Healing in Indonesia: A Case Study on Pak Endog Alternative Islamic-Type Medication

  • Nur Qomariyah Imzastini Center for Religious and Cross-cultural Studies (CRCS) UGM
  • Gabriel Roosmargo Lono Lastono Simatupang Pengkajian Seni Pertunjukan dan Seni Rupa (PSPSR) UGM


The map of Islamic healing is often interpreted based only on the values of Islamic teachings. Some cultural and religious concepts and practices concerning spiritual or supernatural relationships are often ignored because they are contrary to the concept of Islamic teachings. This article analyzes the Islamic healing practiced in the socio-cultural life inherently. The religious space practice in terms of identification, healing and restoration of illness illustrates that the interaction between religion and culture is not rigid in addressing health and humanitarian issues. This article is based on field research at alternative healing in Tuban East Java which elaborated by enrichment of literary texts. The results of this study discuss various types of Islamic-based healing as alternative medicine that spreading in Indonesian culture. This study map analyzes the characteristics of Islamic healing, both Normative Islam and Cultural Islam. Both cannot be ignored as variants of religious and cultural practices in the health context.


Abdullah, K. H. A., Saini, S. M., Sharip, S., & Shaharom, M. H. (2016). Seeking help at an Islamic spiritual healing centre: Malaysia’s perspective. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 19(7), 742–751. Seeking

Al-Yousefi, N. A. (2012). Observations of Muslim Physicians Regarding the Influence of Religion on Health and Their Clinical Approach. Journal of Religion and Health, 51(2), 269–280.

Ariadi, L. M. (2017). Naskan Pengobatan dan Pertumbuhan Islam di Indonesia Tengah. In ANCOMS Annual Conference for Muslim Scholars (pp. 979–988). Surabaya: UIN Sunan Ampel Surabaya.

Baer, H. A., Singer, M., & Susser, I. (2003). Medical Anthropology and the World System (Second). Westport, Connecticut London: Praeger.

Beatty, A. (2004). Varieties of Javanese Religion: An Anthropological Account. UK: Cambridge University Press.

Dewi, A. P. (2018). Sinkretisme Islam dan Budaya Jawa dalam Upacara Bersih Desa di Purwosari Kabupaten Ponorogo. RELIGIA Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 21(1), 96–107.

Ember, C. R., & Ember, M. (2004). Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology: Health and Illness in the World’s Cultures (Vol. 1 and 2). New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow: Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers.

Evans-Pritchard, E. E. (2006). Social Anthropology. Man (Routledge, Vol. 63). London and New York: Routledge Taylor&Francis Group. Retrieved from

Geertz, C. (1960). The Religion of Java. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.

Hamsyah, F., & Subandi. (2017). Dzikir and Happiness: A Mental Health Study on An Indonesian Muslim Sufi Group. Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health, 19(1), 80–94.

Herlianita, R., Miaofen, Y., Chen, C.-H., Fetzer, S. J., & Lin, E. C. (2018). Perception of Spirituality and Spiritual Care among Muslim Nurses in Indonesia. J Relig Health, 57, 762–773.

Hermawan, A. (2017). Kliwonan dalam Perspektif Historis dan Sosial Budaya Masyarakat Batang. Penelitian, 14(1), 97–110.

Istiani, N., & Islamy, A. (2018). Objektifikasi Nilai-nilai Psiko-Sufistik dalam Pendidikan Spiritual. HIKMATUNA Journal for Integrative Islamic Studies, 4(2), 234–245.

Istiani, N., & Zaduqisti, E. (2017). Konsep Strategi Theistic Spiritual dalam Layanan Bimbingan Kondseling dan Psikoterapi Islam. RELIGIA Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 20(2), 190–206. Retrieved from

Jacobs, C. (2018). Reflection on the Role of the Spirit in Finding Meaning and Healing as Physicians. Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, 55(1), 151–154.

Kholil, A. (2010). Seblang dan Kenduri Masyarakat Desa Olehsari: Relasi Ideal Antara Islam dan Budaya Jawa di Banyuwangi. El Harakah, 12(2), 131–154.

Kizilhan, J. I. (2014). Religious and cultural aspects of psychotherapy in Muslim patients from tradition-oriented societies. International Review of Psychiatry, 26(3), 335–343.

Koenig, H. G., & Shohaib, S. Al. (2014). Health and Well-Being in Islamic Societies: Background, Research, and Applications. Springer Cham Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London: Springer.

Maarif, S. (2014). Being A Muslim in Animistic Ways. Al-Jāmi‘ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 52(1), 149–174.

Mehraki, B., & Gholami, A. (2017). Physical and mental health in Islam. World Family Medicine/Middle East Journal of Family Medicine, 15(9), 142–148.

Oman, D. (2018). Why Religion and Spirituality Matter for Public Health (Evidence, Implications, and Resources). (D. Oman, Ed.) (2nd ed.). Switzerland: Springer.

Padela, A. I., & Zaidi, D. (2018). The Islamic tradition and health inequities: A preliminary conceptual model based on a systematic literature review of Muslim health care disparities. Avicenna Journal of Medicine, 8(1), 1–13.

Rahmadi, A., Oktavitia, P. N., & Mudarris, N. (2017). What information do people want to know about hijamah ? Jurnal Kebidanan Midwiferia, 3(1), 45–63.

Rahman, F. (1999). Etika Pengobatan Islam: Penjelajahan Seorang Neomodernis. Mizan.

Ramakrishnan, P., Karimah, A., Kuntaman, K., Shukla, A., Ansari, B. K. M., Rao, P. H., … Murthy, P. (2015). Religious/ Spiritual Characteristics of Indian and Indonesian Physicians and Their Acceptance of Spirituality in Health care : A Cross-Cultural. J Relig Health, 54, 649–663.

Saefullah. (2016). Nalar Ekologi Dalam Perspektif Islam. Penelitian, 13(2), 113–132.

Samovar, L. A., Porter, R. E., & McDaniel, E. R. (2010). Communication Between Cultures (Seventh Ed). USA: WADSWORTH CENGAGE Learning.

Sayeed, S. A., & Prakash, A. (2013). The Islamic Prayer (Salah/ Namaaz) and Yoga Togetherness in Mental Health. Indian J Psychiatry, Indian Men(January), S224–S230.

Seng, L. K. (2014). Modernizing Yet Marginal: Hospitals and Sylums in Southeast Asia in Twentieth Century. In TimHarper & S. S. Amrith (Eds.), Histories of Health in Southeast Asia: Perspectives on the Long Twentieth Century (pp. 180–201). Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press.

Syed, I. B. (2003). Spiritual Medicine in the History of Islamic Medicine. JISHIM, 2, 45–49.

Woodward, M. (2011). Java, Indonesia and Islam: Muslim in Global Societies Series. (G. Marranci & B. S. Turner, Eds.). London and New York: Springer.

Yehya, N. A., & Dutta, M. J. (2010). Health, religion, and meaning: A culture-centered study of druze women. Qualitative Health Research, 20(6), 845–858.
How to Cite
IMZASTINI, Nur Qomariyah; SIMATUPANG, Gabriel Roosmargo Lono Lastono. Ideal Type of Islamic Healing in Indonesia: A Case Study on Pak Endog Alternative Islamic-Type Medication. JURNAL PENELITIAN, [S.l.], p. 113-126, oct. 2019. ISSN 2541-6944. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 03 july 2020. doi: