Interpretation of Gender Bias in QS. Al-Taubah/9 verse 71: Critical Review of Tafsir Al-Qur’an Tematik The Ministry of Religion Affairs Republic of Indonesia

  • Faiq Ainurrofiq IAIN Ponorogo
  • Abdul Muiz Amir
  • Muhammad Widus Sempo Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia (USIM), Malaysia

Abstract

This paper aims to critically explore interpretation result of QS. Al-Taubah/9:71 in Tafsir Qur’an Tematik by The Ministry of Religion Affairs Republic of Indonesia. This conducted because it is suspected that it contains a gender bias interpretation. This research used a critical qualitative-interpretative design by investigating the interpretation of QS. al-Taubah / 9: 71 using a contextualization interpretation. The findings reveal that the Thematic Interpretation of Al-Quran by the Ministry of Religion affairs published for the first time in 2009 represents the interpretation of the QS. al-Taubah/9: 71 as legitimacy of limiting the area of political leadership for women. Therefore, the product of such interpretations tends to be bias because it limits the area of state leadership based on a particular gender. This interpretation seems to contrast with the meaning of the significance of the verse that is found through the exploration of textual, contextual-historical, and dynamic contextual approaches. The meaning of the significance obtained from this verse only discusses about the socio-spiritual relationship in the internal Muslim community, not in the political context. The same results can also be seen in Tafsir al-Wajiz, in which the work is also the interpretation of the Ministry of Religion published in 2016, as well as the interpretation of scholars in various classical commentaries. The implication of the results of the interpretation of gender bias in Tafsir Qur’an Tematik can have an impact toward government policies in positioning positions for women in the society, especially in the area of the structural leadership of the country.

References

Abdullah, M. A. (2012). Islamic Studies di Perguruan Tinggi: Pendekatan Integratif-Interkonektif. Pustaka Pelajar.

Agustina, A. M. (2016). Peran Sosial Domestik Perempuan dalam Tafsir Ibn Katsir: Sebuah Tinjauan Hermeneutik. Ahkam: Jurnal Hukum Islam, 4(2), 349–362.

Ainurrofiq, F. (2019). The Use of Hermeneutics Double Movement Fazlur Rahman in Comprehending Hadith of The Unsuccessful Leadership of Women. Jurnal Ushuluddin, 27(2), 132–144. https://doi.org/10.24014/jush.v27i2.6719

Al-Balikhi, M. bin S. (2006). Al-Wujuh wa al-Nazhair fī Al-Qur’an Al-‘Azhim (Cet. I; Hatim Shalih Al-Dhaman, Ed.). Dubai: Markaz Jami’ah al-Majid li Tsiqafah wa al-Turats.

Al-Damagani, A.-H. bin M. (1983). Qamus Al-Qur’a aw Ishlah Al-Wujuh wa Al-Nazha’ir fi Al-Qur’an Al-Karim (Cet. IV; ‘Abdul ‘Azīz Sayyid Al-Ahl, Ed.). Beirut: Dar Al-‘Ilm li Al-Malayin.

Al-Maturidi, A. M. (2005). Tafsir al-Maturidi (Majdi Baslum, Ed.). Beirut: Dār al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah.

Al-Razi, F. (2000). Mafatih al-Gaib (Vol. 27). Beirut: Dar Ihya’ Al-Turats Al-‘Arabi.

Anhar, P. M. A., Sadewo, I., & Ari, M. K. H. A.-A. (2018). Tafsir Ilmi: Studi Metode Penafsiran Berbasis Ilmu Pengetahuan Pada Tafsir Kemenag. Proceeding: Integrasi Interkoneksi Islam Dan Sains 1, 109–113. Yogyakarta: Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga.

Atabik, A. (2016). Wajah Maskulin Tafsir al-Qur’an: Studi Intertekstualitas Ayat-ayat Kesetaraan Gender. PALASTREN: Jurnal Studi Gender, 6(2), 299–322.

Aziz, E., Abdullah, I., & Prasojo, Z. H. (2020). Why are Women Subordinated? The Misrepresentation of the Qur’an in Indonesian Discourse and Practice. Journal of International Women’s Studies, 21(6), 238–251.

Baidan, N. (2012). Metodologi Penafsiran Al-Quran. Pustaka Pelajar.

Barazangi, N. H. (2004). Woman’s Identity and the Qur’an: A New Reading. Florida: University Press of Florida.

Basalamah, O., & Elyas, T. (2014). Conceptualizing the Virtual Learning Space (s) in Saudi Arabia: A Foucauldian Panoptic Approach. International Journal of English Language Teaching, 2(4), 1–15.

Burhanuddin, M. (2019). Conflict Mapping Piagam Madinah (Analisa Latar Belakang Sosiokultural Piagam Madinah). Jurnal Al-Ijtimaiyyah: Media Kajian Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam, 5(2), 1–20.

Iqshari, T. (2017). Al-Imāmah al-Siyāsiyyah li al-Mar’ah, Dirāsah Naqdiyyah Hadītsiyyah. al-Maghrib: Ifriqyā as-Syarq.

Islamy, A. (2020). Gender Mainstreaming in The Hermeneutics of Islamic Family Law. Al-Bayyinah: Jurnal of Islamic Law, 4(1), 20–35. https://doi.org/10.35673/al-bayyinah.v3i2.492

‘Izzat, D. M. (1963). Al-Tafsir al-Hadis. Cairo: Dar al-Ihya’ al-Kutub al-Arabiyya.

Janah, N. (2017). Telaah Buku Argumentasi Kesetaraan Gender Perspektif al-Qur’an Karya Nasaruddin Umar. Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender, 12(2), 167–186.

Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf al-Qur’an. (2018). Tafsir al-Qur’an Tematik. Jakarta: Kamil Pustaka.

Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf Al-Qur’an. (2019). Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahannya (Edisi Peny; M. M. Hanafi, H. T. Yanggo, M. Chirzin, R. Anwar, A. S. Muhammad, A. G. Maimun, … J. P. Syarfuan, Eds.). Jakarta: Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI.

Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf al-Qur’an Balitbang Kemenag RI. (2016). Tafsir al-Wajiz li al-Qur’an al-Karim: Tafsir Ringkas al-Qur’an al-Karim (Cet. II). Jakarta: Lajnah Pentashihan Mushaf al-Qur’an Balitbang Kemenag RI.

Mansour, F. (2004). Analisis Gender & Transformasi Sosial. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ma’shumah, L. A. (2012). Teks-teks Keislaman dalam Kajian Feminisme Muslim: Telaah Metodologis atas Pandangan Feminis Muslim terhadap Penciptaan dan Kepemimpinan Perempuan. Sawwa: Jurnal Studi Gender, 7(2), 67–90.

Musbikin, I. (2016). Istantiq al-Qur’an, Pengenalan Studi al-Qur’an Pendekatan Interdisipliner. Madiun: Jaya Star Nine.

Mustaqim, A. (2014). Metode Penelitian Al-Qur’an dan Tafsir. Yogyakarta: Idea Press Yogyakarta.

Muttaqin, A. (2017). Konstruksi Tafsir Ilmi Kemenag RI-LIPI: Melacak Unsur Kepentingan Pemerintah dalam Tafsir. RELIGIA, 19(2), 74–88. https://doi.org/10.28918/religia.v19i2.751

Nurani, S. (2017). Hermeneutika Qur’an Ekofeminis: Upaya Mewujudkan Etika Ekologi al-Qur’an Yang Berwawasan Gender." (2017): 19-32. RELIGIA, 20(1), 19–32. https://doi.org/10.28918/religia.v20i1.840

Ratnawati, D., Sulistyorini, S., & Abidin, A. Z. (2019). Kesetaraan Gender Tentang Pendidikan Laki-laki dan Perempuan." 15.1 (2019): 10-23. Jurnal Harkat: Media Komunikasi Gender, 15(1), 10–23. https://doi.org/10.15408/harkat.v15i1.13436

Shihab, M. Q. (2007). Membumikan al-Qur’an, Fungsi dan Peran Wahyu dalam Kehidupan Masyarakat. Bandung: Mizan Pustaka.

Shihab, M. Q. (2017). Tafsir Al-Mishbah: Pesan, Kesan dan Keserasian Al-Qur’an. VII. Jakarta, Lentera Hati.

Subhan, Z. (2015). Al Qur’an & Perempuan Menuju Kesetaraan Gender Dalam Penafsiran. Jakarta: Prenanda Media Group.

Subhan, Z. (2016). Tafsir Kebencian. Studi Bias Gender dalam Tafsir Qur’an. Yogyakarta: eLKIS.

Supriyadi, T., Julia, J., & Firdaus, E. (2019). The Problems of Gender Equality: A Reconstruction of Islamic Doctrine. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 10(2), 91–110. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/216590/.

Syamsuddin, dkk, S. (2003). Hermeneutika al-Qur’an Mazhab Jogja. Yogyakarta: Islamika.

Syamsuddin, S. (2011). Hermeneutika Hans-Georg Gadamer dan Pengembangan Ulumul Qur’an dan Pembacaan al-Qur’an pada Masa Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: LPPM UIN SUKA.

Syamsuddin, S. (2017a). Hermeneutika dan Pengembangan Ulum Al-Qur’an (Cet. II). Yogyakarta: Pesantren Newesia Press.

Syamsuddin, S. (2017b). Hermeneutika dan Pengembangan Ulumul Qur’an. Yogyakarta: Pesantren Nawesea Press.

Syamsuddin, S. (2019). Pendekatan dan Analisis dalam Penelitian Teks Tafsir. SUHUF: Jurnal Pengkajian Al-Qur’an Dan Budaya, Vol. 12(1), 131–149.

Syamsuddin, S. (2020). Metode Penafsiran dengan Pendekatan Ma’nā-Cum-Maghzā in S. Syamsuddin (Ed.), Pendekatan Ma’nā-Cum-Maghzā atas Al-Qur’an dan Hadis: Menjawab Problematika Sosial Keagamaan di Era Kontemporer (pp. 1–18). Yogyakarta: Ladang Kata & AIAT Indonesia.

Al-Thabari, M. bin J. (2000). Jamī‘ Al-Bayan fī Ta’Wīl Ayi Al-Qur’an (Cet. I). Beirut: Mu’assasah al-Risalah.

Van Dijk, T. A. (2001). Multidisciplinary CDA: A Plea for Diversity. Methods of Critical Discourse Analysis, 1, 95–120.

Wadud, A. (2004). Qur’ān, Gender and Interpretive Possibilities. Hawwa, 2(3), 316–336.

Wartini, Atik. (2016). Tafsir Tematik Kemenag: Studi Al-Qur’an dan Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. MAGHZA: Jurnal Ilmu Al-Qur’an Dan Tafsir, 1(2), 1–20. https://doi.org/10.24090/maghza.v1i2.731

Wiyono, M. (2016). "Tanggung Jawab Sosial dalam al-Qur’an: Analisis Kritis Tafsir Tematik Kemenag RI. Diya Al-Afkar: Jurnal Studi al-Quran dan al-Hadis, 4(2), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.24235/diyaafkar.v4i02.1142

Yahya, M. (2018). Peneguhan Identitas dan Ideologi Majelis Mujahidin Melalui Terjemah Al-Qur’an. RELIGIA, 188–208.

Yakub, M. (2019). Islam dan Solidaritas Sosial: Perkembangan Masyarakat Islam Periode Madinah. Jurnal Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, 7(1), 31–61.
Published
2020-11-03
How to Cite
AINURROFIQ, Faiq; AMIR, Abdul Muiz; WIDUS SEMPO, Muhammad. Interpretation of Gender Bias in QS. Al-Taubah/9 verse 71: Critical Review of Tafsir Al-Qur’an Tematik The Ministry of Religion Affairs Republic of Indonesia. RELIGIA, [S.l.], p. 214-235, nov. 2020. ISSN 2527-5992. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/Religia/article/view/2381>. Date accessed: 25 nov. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/religia.v23i2.2381.
Section
Artikel