Transformation Typology of Arabic Meanings

  • Muhandis Azzuhri Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pekalongan
  • Muslich Shabir UIN Walisongo Semarang
  • Athoillah Islamy Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pekalongan

Abstract

This research aims to reveal the typology of transformation of the Arabic meanings to the sex-related language in the ḥadiṡ. This library research utilizes contextual semantic theory with linguistic and historical approaches. The results show that several factors influenced the transformation of the meaning of sex-related language in the ḥadiṡs. The first is social and cultural contexts. There were several sexual behaviors in the prophetic era that were considered deviant (sexual deviation) because they were not in accordance with Arab social culture at that time. The second is emotive and psychological context by refining a word نيك / intercourse which later was translated into بُضْعُ/goods, يفضى/ irrigating and يلمس / touching. The third is linguistic context. It is not idiomatic, such as a word خاتم / sealing, which can change the compilation meaning when the word is structured with other words as in the ḥadiṡ لا تفتح الخاتم إلا بحقه. The word is a metaphor meaning of the 'virginity' term. The fourth is the context of situations and conditions. This context explains that the ‘sex term’ can transform in meaning because it was conveyed in different situations and conditions with the euphemism and kināyah (metaphor) expressions, such as يجبون, الغيلة and حولت رحلي البارحة.

References

Chaer, Abdul and Agustina Leonie. “Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal.” Jakarta: Rineka Cipta, 2010.

Abdurrahman al-Banna, Ahmad. Al-Fatḥu al-Rabbani Li Tartībi Musnad al-Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal al-Syaibani Wa Ma’ahu Kitāb Bulūg al-Amani Min Asrari al-Fatḥi al-Rabbani,. Vol. Juz 10. Kairo: Dar Ihya’ at-Turats al-‘Arabi, n.d.

Abdurrahman, Mujib. “Imam Al-Bukhari Dan Lafal al-Qur’an.” Kalimah: Jurnal Studi Agama Dan Pemikiran Islam 11, no. 1 (2012): 120–131.

Abdurrahman, Rizki. “Peran Naẓariyyah Al-Siyaq (Teori Kontekstual) Dalam Memahami Makna Al-Quran.” Ihya Al-Arabiyah: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Arab 4, no. 2 (2018): 143-156.

Abu Fakhr, Saqr. Al-Jinsu ‘inda al-Arab. Koln Jerman: Al-Kamel Verlag, 1997.

Abu Syuhbah, Muhammad. Di Bawah Naungan Al-Kutub al-Sittah: Studi Metodologi Penulisan Kitab-Kitab Hadist Periode Awal Islam. Pekalongan: STAIN Pekalongan Press, 2013.

Adrian, Kevin. “Mengenal Organ Reproduksi Wanita.” Alodokter. Accessed September 24, 2019. https://www.alodokter.com/cari-dokter/dokter-kandungan.

Annur, Barsihannor. “Pemikiran Abu Daud Tentang Penulisan Hadis.” Al-Hikmah Journal for Religious Studies 14, no. 2 (2013): 147–157.

Arifin, Johar. “Pendekatan Ulama Hadis Dan Ulama Fiqh Dalam Menelaah Kontroversial Hadis.” Jurnal Ushuluddin 22, no. 2 (2014): 145–154.

Asror, Miftahul, and Imam Musbikin. Membedah Hadis Nabi SAW. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2015.

Azwir. “Imam An-Nasa’i (Imam An-Nasa’i (Mengurai Biografi dan Perjalanan Intelektual Imam An-Nasa’i).” Jurnal Ilmiah Al-Hadi 2, no. 2 (2017): 403-411.

Barakat, Halim. Dunia Arab: Masyarakat, Budaya dan Negara. Bandung: Nusa Media, 2012.

Fuadah, Siti. “Semantik Kontekstual Dan Hadits Mukhtalif Al-Riwayah.” Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta, April 21, 2010. https://repository.uinjkt.ac.id/dspace/handle/123456789/6197.

Hitti, Philip Khuri. History of the Arabs: Rujukan induk dan paling otoritatif tentang sejarah peradaban Islam. Penerbit Serambi, 2013.

Humaeni, Ayatullah. “Tabu Perempuan Dalam Budaya Masyarakat Banten.” Humaniora 27, no. 2 (January 9, 2016): 174-185. https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.10585.

Khaeruman, Badri. Ilmu hadits III: studi periwayatan dan pengaruhnya terhadap kualitas hadits. Bandung: Pustaka Setia, 2015.

Masykur, Muhammad Zakki. “Penghalusan Kata; Linguistik Modern Dan Penerapannya Dalam Pendidikan Bahasa Arab.” Tafáqquh: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Kajian Keislaman 2, no. 1 (2014): 45–59.

Miftahuddin, Ahmad Miftahuddin et.al. “Penggunaan Istilah Bahasa Arab Oleh Aktivis Rohis Di Universitas Negeri Semarang (Analisis Semantik Dan Sosiolinguistik).” Lisanul Arab: Journal of Arabic Learning and Teaching 6, no. 1 (May 15, 2017): 6–15. https://doi.org/10.15294/la.v6i1.14387.

Muhammad bin Hanbal, Musnad al-Imām Ahmad bin Hanbal. Musnad Al-Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal. 17 11227. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah, 1420.

Muhammad Hasbi Ash-Shiddieq, Teungku. Sejarah Dan Pengantar Ilmu Hadis. Semarang: PT. Pustaka Rizki Putra, 1999.

Muhsin, Abdullah Abdul et.al. Al-Mausū’ah al-Hadīṡah. Beirut: Al-Mussasah al-Risālah Li al-Tibā’ah Wa al-Nasr Wa al-Tauzī’, n.d.

Munfarida, Elya. “Perkawinan Menurut Masyarakat Arab Pra Islam.” Yinyang: Jurnal Studi Islam Gender Dan Anak 10, no. 2 (July 15, 2015): 210-232.

Qardhawi, Yusuf. Kaifa Nata’amalu Ma’a al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyah, Terj. Virginia: Al-Ma’had al-‘alami li al-fikri al-islami, 1994.

Rahim, A, Abd. “Sex Ethics According to Islamic Law.” Dissertation. Makasar: Alauddin State Islamic University of Makassar, 2011.

Rizal, M. Syamsul, and Athoillah Islamy. “Re-Understanding Gender Relations About Authority Rights as Marriage Guardians: Arabic Grammatical Perspective.” AL-WARDAH: Jurnal Kajian Perempuan, Gender Dan Agama 14, no. 1 (2020): 1–10.

Rosikh, Fahrur. “Eufemisme Dan Tabu Dalam Bahasa Arab.” Jurnal Ummul Qura 4, no. 2 (2014): 71-87.
Sodiqin, Ali. Antropologi Al-Quran. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz, 2008.

Summbulah, Umi. Studi Sembilan Kitab Hadis Sunni. Malang: UIN-Maliki Press, 2013.

Suwaidan, Tariq. Biografi Imam Malik: Kisah Perjalanan Dan Pelajaran Hidup Sang Imam Madinah. Jakarta: Zaman, 2007.

Thaqqusy, Muhammad Suhail. Tariḥ Al-Arab Qabla al-Islam. Beirut: Dar An-Nafaes, 2009.

Tiawaldi, Adit, and Muhbib Abdul Wahab. “Perkembangan Bahasa Arab Modern Dalam Perspektif Sintaksis Dan Semantik Pada Majalah Aljazeera.” Arabiyat : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Dan Kebahasaaraban 4, no. 1 (June 30, 2017): 1-19.

Wahab, Muhbib Abdul. “Peran Bahasa Arab Dalam Pengembangan Ilmu Dan Peradaban Islam.” Arabiyat: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab Dan Kebahasaaraban 1, no. 1 (2014): 1–20.
Published
2021-06-26
How to Cite
AZZUHRI, Muhandis; SHABIR, Muslich; ISLAMY, Athoillah. Transformation Typology of Arabic Meanings. ALSINATUNA, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 2, p. 155-168, june 2021. ISSN 2503-2690. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/alsinatuna/article/view/3388>. Date accessed: 26 oct. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/alsinatuna.v7i2.3388.
Section
Artikel