Negative Theology Construction in Islamic Education System: An Analytical Study

  • Umiarso Umiarso Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang

Abstract

This study focuses on the construction of the negative concept of divinity (theology) developed in the educational system such as madrasas or pesantren. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyze the construction of negative theology in the Islamic education system developed in madrasas or pesantren in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. To critically discuss the issue, this study used a qualitative approach with phenomenological research design and Miles and Huberman’s framework in analyzing the data. Study findings expose that negative theological discourse denoted an arena for the prophetization of divine values ​​whose style of expression was apophatic. Apparently, it constructs its theological knowledge as well as “rejects” the knowledge construction with the logic of negation and paradox. The implications for the Islamic education system are the framework of educational objectives is oriented to aspects of humanity and divinity; or the profane and transcendental dimension. It indicates that negative theology contributes to novel insights into the axiology of Islamic education.

References

Al-Fayyadl, M. (2012). Teologi Negatif Ibn ‘Arabi: Kritik Metafisika Ketuhanan. Jakarta: LKiS.

Buck, J. M. (2020). Feminist Philosophical Theology of the Atonement. Feminist Theology, 28(3), 239–250.

Colpitts, D. & Yarhouse, M. A. (2019). God Concepts, God Image, and Religious Orientation in Same-Gender Attracted Christians. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 47(4), 296–312.

Hasyim, A. (2012). Teologi Ibn ‘Arabi. Ilmu Ushuluddin, 1(4), 309–328.

Heineck, G. (2017). Love thy Neighbor: Religion and Prosociality. International Journal of Social Economics, 44(7), 869–883.

Howard, S. et al. (2018). Who Believes in a Male God? Ideological Beliefs and Gendered Conceptualizations of God. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 28(1), 55–70.

Iswahyudi. (2017). Pengaruh Filsafat terhadap Heterodoksi Teologi Islam. Al-Tahrir, 17(1), 1–23.

Jugrin, D. (2018). Negative Theology in Contemporary Interpretation. European Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 10(2), 149–170.

Kars, A. (2018). What Is “Negative Theology?” Lessons from the Encounter of Two Sufis. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 86(1), 181–211.

Kidd, I. J. (2019). Epistemic Corruption and Education. Episteme, 16(2), 220–235.

Kilby, K. (2020). Negative Theology and Meaningless Suffering. Modern Theology, 36(1), 92–104.

Muslih, M. (2019). Toward Theology of Science: Philosophical Reflection on The Development of Religion-Based Science. Kalam, 13(1), 1–24.

Neuberger, B. (2018). The Good of Plato, the Neoplatonic One, and The God of Dante. Religious Studies and Theology, 37(1), 92–115.

Obolevitch, T. (2010). Negative Theology and Science in The Thought of Semyon Frank. Studies in East European Thought, 62, 93–99.

Rowlands, A. (2009). “Angry Angels” as Guides to Ethics and Faith: Reflections on Simone Weil and Gillian Rose. Theology, 112(865), 14–23.

Rozi, S. (2019). Understanding the Concept of Ecosufism: Harmony and the Relationship of God, Nature and Humans in Mystical Philosophy of Ibn Arabi. Ulumuna, 23(2), 242–265.

Rubenstein, M. J. (2003). Unknow Thyself: Apophaticism, Deconstruction, and Theology after Ontotheology. Modern Theology, 19(3), 387–417.

Scott, M. S. . (2006). God as Person: Karl Barth and Karl Rahner on Divine and Human Personhood. Religious Studies and Theology, 25(2), 161–190.

Shook, J. (2013). Wlliam James on Religious Saints and Verifying the God Hypothesis. Religious Studies and Theology, 32(2), 185–208.

Stulp, H. P. et al. (2019). God Representations and Aspects of Psychological Functioning: A Meta-Analysis. Cogent Psychology, 6(1), 1–50.

Turner, D. (1995). The Darkness of God: Negativity in Christian Mysticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Visala, A. (2020). Theology, Free Will, and the Skeptical Challenge from the Sciences. Journal Theology and Science, 18(3), 391–409.

Welz, C. (2016). Difficulties in Defining the Concept of God: Kierkegaard in Dialogue with Levinas, Buber, and Rosenzweig. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 1(80), 61–83.
Published
2020-12-29
How to Cite
UMIARSO, Umiarso. Negative Theology Construction in Islamic Education System: An Analytical Study. Edukasia Islamika, [S.l.], p. 260-276, dec. 2020. ISSN 2548-5822. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/edukasiaislamika/article/view/2991>. Date accessed: 03 mar. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/jei.v5i2.2991.