Why Do Indonesia Zakat Collection Not as Effective as Malaysia’s

  • Aris Puji Purwatiningsih UIN Walisongo Semarang


The purpose of this article is to find out how the practices and problems of zakat in Indonesia are not yet optimal such as Malaysia. The findings show that the main problems faced in managing zakat in Indonesia are: first, there is no government regulation that requires zakat to all Muslim citizens who have reached Nisab. Secondly, the Moslem community prefers to pay zakat to known people rather than to existing formal zakat institutions. Third, the lack of optimal cooperation between zakat institutions owned by the government and private parties.
The writing method used is descriptive research sourced from previous articles about zakat especially zakat management in Indonesia and Malaysia. The findings of this study are expected to be input for all parties involved in zakat management to be more optimal.


Abdullahi, S. (2019). Zakah as tool for social cause marketing and corporate charity: A conceptual study. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 10(1), 191–207.

Ahmad. (2015). Assessing the Satisfaction Level of Zakat Recipients Towards Zakat Management. Procedia Economics and Finance, 140–151.

Asqalani, A. bin ‘Ali bin H. (2000). Fath al-Bārī Syarh Shahīh al-Bukhārī.

Basir, S. A. (2017). Malaysian Islamic quality management system MS1900: An implementation steps at Malacca Zakat Center. Humanomics, 33(2), 239–254.

Bastoni, H. A. (2013). Di Balik Fatwa Kontroversial Yusuf al-Qaradhawi. Pustaka al-Bustan.

Canggih Clarasita. (2017). Potensi dan Realisasi Dana Zakat Indonesia. Al-Uqud : Journal of Islamic Economics, 1(1), 14–26.

Departemen Agama RI. (Tt). Al-Qur’an Transliterasi Latin Terjemah Indonesia. Suara Agung.

Hairunnizam, Wahid. (2014). Locazation of Malaysian Zakat Distribution Perceptions of Amiland Zakah Recipients.

Hilman Latief. (2015). Islam dan Urusan Kemanusiaan dan Urusan Kemanusiaan Konflik, Perdamaian, dan Filantropi. PT. Serambi Ilmu Semesta.

Kasri, R. A. (2013). Giving behaviors in Indonesia: Motives and marketing implications for Islamic charities. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 4(3), 306–324.

Khaf, M. (1989). The Principle of Socio-Economic Justice in The Contemporary Fiqh of Zakah. Islamic Research and Training Institute of Islamic Development Bank, 1–48.

Mikail, S. A., Ahmad. (2017). Utilisation of zakāh and waqf fund in micro-takāful models in Malaysia: An exploratory study. ISRA International Journal of Islamic Finance, 9(1), 100–105.

Muhamat, A. A., Jaafar, N. (2013). An appraisal on the business success of entrepreneurial asnaf: An empirical study on the state zakat organization (the Selangor Zakat Board or Lembaga Zakat Selangor) in Malaysia. Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, 11(1), 51–63.

Qardhawi, Y. (1973). Fiqh al-Zakāt Dirasah Muqaranah Lī-Ahkamihā wa Falsafatihā fī dhau’al-Qur’an wa al-Sunnah. Muassasah al-Risālah.

Quthb, S. (2008). Fī Dzilāl al-Qur’ān. Daar al-Syuruq.

Rahman al. (2012). Zakat Institution in Malaysia: Problems and Issues. GJAT, 2(1).

Rusni, H. (435 C.E.). ),“Prioritazion of Zakat Distribution in Selangor and the Federal Territory of Malaysia: Are They Following the Right Distribution Principles According the Shariah. Intellectual Discourse Special Issue.

Salleh. (n.d.). Contemporary Vision of Poverty and Islamic Strategy for Poverty Alleviation. SAGE Open. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244017697153

Suyuthi, A. al-R. bin A. B. (1990). Al-Asybah wa al-Nadzāir. Dār al-Kutub al-Ilmiyah.

Zuhaili, W. (1986). Usul al-Fiqh al-Islami (Vol. 2). Dar al-Fikr.
How to Cite
PURWATININGSIH, Aris Puji. Why Do Indonesia Zakat Collection Not as Effective as Malaysia’s. HIKMATUNA, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 74-90, june 2020. ISSN 2503-3042. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/hikmatuna/article/view/2100>. Date accessed: 05 mar. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/hikmatuna.v6i1.2100.