World Views of Najib Mahfudz About Ethics Spirituality and Ethics of Politics Analysis Genetic Structuralism in a Novel Layali Alfu Lailah
This study discusses the ethics of spirituality and political ethics, through this novel Layali Alfu Lailah by Najib Mahfudz, also expressed his views to criticize the attitude of subduing themselves to reason in excess and subservience to authority and property, regardless of religious values and humanitarian ethics, as well as an overview of the social classes in Egypt. The processing of the data in this study was determined the relevant theory to answer the problem, looked for references that support the research topic, and analyzed the data which related to spirituality and ethics of politics through genetic structuralism. The result of this study indicates that the world view of Najib Mahfudz, about spirituality and political ethics are difficult to separated, because both are something inherent. The political ethics of Najib Mahfudz also criticized the attitude of intellectuals, scholars, and scholars, who are too preoccupied with his world so they did not have the social and political role, therefore he promote the concept of democracy socialism which gives freedom of thought and Najib Mahfudz agree with secularism system by rejecting theocracy (Islam) because it cause chaos and misery to people of Egypt.
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