Urban Sufism: Religiousity and Identity Construction of Urban Muslim Community

  • Inayatul Ulya Institut Pesantren Mathali’ul Falah, Pati

Abstract

Urban sufism is a phenomenon that shows the hijrah representation of urban Muslim communities and the rise of religion in the public sphere. The religious expression displayed by urban Muslim communities is a form of religious accommodation towards modernity. Even religion can be a living solution for modern society. This article explains that exchanging folk is even an identity sought by urban Muslim communities. Their participation in Sufism education is a new form for constructing their religious identity. Referring to Peter L. Berger's construction theory that religion in a cultural context is a product constructed by humans. So that there is a dialectical process between religion and society. The dialectical process goes through three stages, namely externalization, objectification and internalization. The results of the dialectics of religion and culture make Sufism the religious identity of urban Muslim communities. This religious identity is needed by urban Muslim communities both in their roles as individuals and as part of social communities. As individuals, religious identity is needed to fulfill spiritual needs towards self-righteousness and as members of social groups in society, religious identity is needed to strengthen the existence of urban Muslim communities by presenting Sufism with new styles that are more accommodating to modernity.

References

Azra, Azyumardi, Esai-esai Intelektual Muslim dan Pendidikan Islam, Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu, 1998

Baumfield,Vivienne Marie, Cush, Denise Amelia, Religious Education and Identity Formation: Encountering Religious and Cultural Diversity, British Journal of Religious Education (2017) Vol. 39, NO . 3, 231–233, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01416200.2017.1347377.

Berger, Peter L., A Rumor of Angels, New York, Anchor Books, 1970.

___________, The Sacred Canopy: Elements of a Sosiological Theory of Religion, New York: Doubleday &bCompany, 1967.

___________, The Social Reality of Religion, USA: Penguin Books, 1973.

Bertrand Russel, Sejarah Filsafat Barat dan Kaitannya dengan Kondisi Sosio-Politik dari Zaman Kuno hingga Sekarang, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2007.

Bier,William Christian, Alienation: Plight of Modern Man, New York: Fordham University Press, 1972.

Brambilla, Maria, Manzi, Claudia, Regalia, Camilla, Is Religious Identity a Social Identity?Self Categorization of Religious in Six Countries, Journal of Psicologia Sociale (2016), ISSN: 1827-2517, diakses pada tanggal 5 September 2018, DOI: 10.1482/84098.

Greenfield, Emily A. dan Marks, Nadine F., Religious Social Identity as an Explanatory Factor for Associations Between more Frequent Formal Religious Participation and Psychological Well-Being, The International Journal For The Psychology of Religion, Volume. 17 (3) 2007.

Haryanto, Sindung, Sosiologi Agama: Dari Klasik Hingga Post Modern, Jakarta: Ar-RuzzMedia, 2015

Haynes, Jeffrey, An Introduction to International Relations and Religion, New York: Routledge, 2013.

Harvey Cox, The Secelar City, New York: Macmillan, 1996

Jati, Wasisto Raharjo, Politik Kelas Menengah Muslim Indonesia, Jakarta: LP3ES, 2017.

Khotimah, Umi Khusnul dkk, Nilai-nilai Pluralisme dalam Islam, Bingkai Gagasan yang Berserak, cet. Ke-1, Bandung: Nuansa, 2005.

Lubis, Akhyar Yusuf, Postmodernisme: Teori dan Metode, Jakarta: PT. Raja Grafindo Persada, 2014.

Naisbitt, John, High Tech High:Technology and Our Accelerated Search for Meaning, London: Nicholas Brealy Publishing, 2001.

Naim, Ngainun, Aneka Ragam Spiritualitas dalam Kehidupan Kontemporer, Jurnal el-Harakah, Vol. 11, No.1, Tahun 2009.

Nasr, S.H., Man and Nature: The Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man, London:Allen and Unwin,1967.

Thomas, Scott M., Taking Religious and Cultural Pluralism Seriously: The Global Resurgence of Religion and The Transformation of International Society dalam Fabio Petito, Pavlos Hatzopoulos, Religion in International Relations: The Return From Exile, New York:Palgrave Macmillan, 2003

T. Roszak, Where The Wasteland Ends, Politics and Trancendence in Post Industrial Society, New York: Garden City, 1973.

Pamungkas, Cahyo, Agama, Etnisitas, dan Perubahan Politik di Maluku:Refleksi Teoretik dan Historis, Jurnal Masyarakat Indonesia, Vol. 40, No. 1, Tahun 2014.

Riyadi, Abdul Kadir, Antropologi Tasawuf: Wacana Manusia Spiritual dan Pengetahuan, Jakarta: LP3ES, 2014.

Roszak, T. Where The Wasteland Ends, Politics and Trancendence in Post Industrial Society, New York: Garden City, 1973.

Rozi, Syafwan, Konstruksi Identitas Islam Perbatasan: Sebuah Sintesis terhadap Identitas Tradisional dan Identitas Modernis dalam Paham Keagamaan di Daerah Rao Sumatera Barat dalam Conference Proceedings of Annual International Conference on Islamic Studies, Jakarta: Kementerian Agama, 2012.

Ruslani (ed.), Wacana Spiritualitas Timur dan Barat, Yogyakarta: Qalamvi, 2000.

Syukur, Muhammad Amin, Menggugat Tasawuf: Sufisme dan Tanggung Jawab Sosial Abad 21, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 1999.

______________________, Zuhud di Abad Modern, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar, 2004.

Siroj, Said Aqil, Tasawuf sebagai Kritik Sosial, Jakarta: Yayasan Khas, 2009.

Weintraub, Andrew N., The Study of Islam and Popular Culture in Indonesia and Malaysia, dalam Andrew N. Weintraub dkk. (Ed.), The Study of Islam and Popular Culture in Indonesia and Malaysi, New York: Roudledge, 2011.

Wirawan, I.B., Teori-Teori Sosial dalam Tiga Paradigma: Fakta Sosial, Definisi Sosial, dan Perilaku Sosial, Jakarta: Prenada Media Group, 2014.

Ysseldyk, Renate, Matheson, Kimbery, Anisman, Hymie, The Religiosity as Identity : Toward an Understanding of Religion from a Social Identity Perspective (2010): 60., doi: 10.1177/1088868309349693
Published
2019-12-11
How to Cite
ULYA, Inayatul. Urban Sufism: Religiousity and Identity Construction of Urban Muslim Community. HIKMATUNA, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 157-168, dec. 2019. ISSN 2503-3042. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/hikmatuna/article/view/2184>. Date accessed: 05 june 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/hikmatuna.v5i2.2184.