Substantive Maturity In ‘Āishah’s Marriage

  • Moch. Nurcholis Institut Agama Islam Bani Fattah Jombang
  • Mohammad Fajrul Falah Afandi Universitas Al-Azhar, Kairo
  • Mayla Aflahul Karimah Universitas Gadjah Mada
  • Abdul Latif UIN Sunan Kalijaga

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the substantive maturity of Aishah's marriage, where based on the hadist of the Prophet, Aishah married the Prophet at the age of 6 years and started married at the age of 9 years. The information contained in the hadith is closely related to the issue of child marriage in the mainstream discourse of protecting children's rights, particularly the rules for limiting the age of marriage that have been implemented so far. The method used in analyzing the above problems is descriptive with an approach to the history of Islamic law. This study notes that 'Aishah marriage has fulfilled the substantive maturity element, both physically which is marked by reproductive readiness and non-physical with indicators of intellectual maturity. Besides that, the age of marriage 'Aishah is done by determining the element of purpose (al-ḥadf) in the form of maturity quality and the component of means (al-wasīlah) in the form of age. Thus, this element has significance for religious legality guarantees related to the rules for the age limit of marriage that apply in Muslim countries.
 

Author Biography

Moch. Nurcholis, Institut Agama Islam Bani Fattah Jombang
Saat ini saya menjadi Dosen Tetap dan Dekan di Fakultas Syariah Inatitut Agama Islam Bani Fattah Jombang 

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Published
2021-06-20
How to Cite
NURCHOLIS, Moch. et al. Substantive Maturity In ‘Āishah’s Marriage. HIKMATUNA, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 1, p. 31-43, june 2021. ISSN 2503-3042. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/hikmatuna/article/view/3319>. Date accessed: 26 oct. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/hikmatuna.v7i1.3319.