Mohammad in Archipelago: Spatializing Spirituality in Majelis Shalawat Syubbanul Muslimin in Kalikajar Probolinggo
AbstractUsing Mohammad in Archipelago as a metaphor of the postmodern religious landscape, this article argues that Mohammad, a prophet of Muslim born in Mecca Saudi Arabia, has undoubtedly become a consumer item in shalawat council (Majelis Shalawat) practiced in many areas of Indonesia, including Probolinggo. This new religious phenomenon has been reproduced in line with the emergence of blurred negotiation between the profane and the sacred, and by the fact that religion is always posed in social life and in business life, shalawat practice also depends itself on the meaning and process making, or the certain socio-cultural context. This study sets the Majelis Shalawat Syubbanul Muslimin, located at Probolinggo, in relation with the ways they reproduced its penetration of religion vis-a-vis market economy. It also portrays how Syubbanul Muslimin produced a spatial order of certain followers since they have successfully practiced modes and techniques of production, consumption, and structuration of their own spiritual market. Additionally, it also contributes to the construction of charisma they have shaped by using the economic-political discourse of media.
Askew, Marc (2008) “Materializing Merit: The symbolic economy of religious monuments and tourist-pilgrimage in contemporary Thailand” dalam Commodification in Asia Ed. Pattana Kitiarsa. New York: Routledge.
Baqarî (al), Aẖmad Mâhir Maẖmûd (1984) Ibn al-Qayyim min Athârihi al-‘Ilmîyah. Beirut.
Bourdeau, Pierre (1992) The Logic of Practice. Cambridge: Polity.
Bourdieu, Pierre (1984) Distinction:A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
Bourdieu, Pierre (1996) The State Nobility. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Herbert, David E.J. (2011) “Theorizing religion and media in contemporary societies: An account of religious ‘publicization’”, European Journal of Cultural Studies. 14(6).
Ḫijâzî, ’Iwad Allâh Jâd (1960) Ibn al-Qayyim wa-Mawqifuhu min al-Tafkîr al-Islâmî. Cairo
Jauziyah (al), Ibn Qayyim (1987) Jalâ’ul Afhâm Fî Fadl al Shâlat Wa al-Salâm Alâ Khair al-Anâm. Kwait: Dâr al-’Urûbat Li al-Nasyr wa al-Tauzî’.
Lyon, David (2000) Jesus in Disneyland: Religion in Postmodern Times. UK: Polity Press, Cambridge.
Maujud, Salahud Din Ali (2006) The Biography of Imam Ibn al-Qayyim. Darussalam.
Meyer, B. and Moors, A. (2006) Religion, the Media and the Public Sphere. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
Mosco, Vincent (2009) The Political Economy of Communication. Singapore: SAGE Publications Asia-Pacific.
Muflih, Burhân al-Dîn Ibrâhîm Ibn (1990) Al-Maqsad al-Arshad fî Dhikr As˝h˝âb al-Imâm Ah˝mad, ed. ‘Abd al-Rah˝mân ibn Sulaymân al-Uthaymîn. Riyadh.
Silva, Elizabeth B. (2016) “Habitus: Beyon Sosiologi” dalam The Sociological Review. Vol. 64.
Syahputra, Iswandi (2013) Rezim Media: Pergulatan Demokrasi, Jurnalisme dan Infotainment Dalam Industri Televisi. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Weller, Robert P. (2008) “Asia and The Global Economies of Charisme” dalam Religious Commodification in Asia, Marketing God. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis.
Zayd, Bakr ibn ‘Abd Allâh (Abû 1991) Ibn Qayyim al-Jawzîyah: Ḫayâtuhu Athâruhu Mawâriduh. Riyadh.
Zuhri, Saifuddin (2012) “Maulid Nabi, Bukti Cinta Rasul?” dalam Asy Syariah edisi 078 April.
Muhammad Sholeh, Interview, Jamaah Syubbanul Muslimin, Paiton, 24 June 2017.
Hafidzul Ahkam Noer, Interviews, Pimpinan Syubbanul Muslimin, Kalikajar, 24 June 2017.
Muhammad Su’eb, Interviews, Jamaah Syubbanul Muslimin, Kalikajar 27 June 2017.
Shalehuddi, Interviews, Jamaah Majlis Shalawat Syubbanul Muslimi, Paiton, 24 June 2017.