Reproducing Charisma: A Study of Religious Pilgrimage to Hasan Genggong’s Cemetery in Pajarakan Probolinggo

  • Abdurrahman * Universitas Nurul Jadid Paiton Probolinggo

Abstract

The annual death celebration (haul) to religious figure is a key instance of the commodifications of prosperity Islamic mode at institutional level, where strong modern business organizational skills are matched with charismatic leadership. This study implies that successful market mechanism makes haul a consumer commodity attractive to spirituality hungry middle class Muslim community in Probolinggo. It ethnographically observes the intertwining of market and Islam where Muslims community looked to the market as a critical source for experiencing and publicizing a sense of sacred identity. Commodification of religion is deeply embedded in the haul or regularly ziarah (pilgrimage) for every 11 Syawal to Muhammad Hasan, a passed away central figure of kiai in Pesantren Zainul Hasan Genggong Probolinggo, and it makes a strong presence in the spiritual marketplace through commodifications of Kiai Hasan’s amulet and memorabilia, including his photos, tasbih, jimat, akik, and others. This study also reflects on the possible effect of charisma in undermining the sense of authenticity and authority of charismatic Kiai Hasan among the Muslim community in Probolinggo, and the ways it effects on the construction of spiritual market surrounding his cemetery.

References

Literatures
Askew, M. (2008). “Materializing Merit, The Symbolic Economy of Religious Monuments And Tourist-Pilgrimage in Contemporary Thailand” (pp. 89-119) in Pattana Kittiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia: Marketing Gods. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
Bull, R. L. (2008). “Commodification of Religion and The ‘Religification’ of Commodities: Youth Culture and Religious Identity” (pp. 220-234) in Pattana Kittiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia: Marketing Gods. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
Henri, C.L., & C. Gulliot (1995). “Indonesie” (pp. 237-298) in Henri Chambert-Loir and Claude Gulliot (eds), Le Culte des Saints Dans le Monde Musulman. Paris: EFEO.
Chin, J. T. (2008). “McDonaldization and The Megachuces: A Case Study of City Harvest Church, Singapore” (pp. 186-204) in Pattana Kittiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia: Marketing Gods. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
Cohen, E. (2008). “Kuan To, The Vegetarian Festival in a Peripheral Southern Thai Srine” (pp. 68-88) in Pattana Kittiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia: Marketing Gods. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
DeBernardi, J. (2008). “Commodifaying Blassing: Celebrating the Double-yang Festival in Penang, Malaysia and Wudang Mountain China” (pp. 49-67) in Pattana Kittiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia: Marketing Gods. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
Dhofier, Z. (1982). Pesantren Tradition: Studies on Kyai's View of Life. Jakarta: LP3S.
Fauzi, A. (2016). “Model Manajemen Hubungan Masyarakat Dalam Persperktif Konsrtuksi Sosial Kyai di Pondok Pesantren Zainul Hasan Genggong Probolinggo”, Dissertation. Malang: UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang.
Geertz, C. (1959). “The Javanes Kyai: Changing Role of A Cultore Broker”, Comparative Studies in Sosiety and History, vol. 2, pp. 34-56.
Geertz, C. (1973). “Description” Toward Interpretive Theory of Culture, “The Interpretation of Culture. New York: New York Basic Book
Hasan, A. W. (2015). Gus Dur Mengarungi Jagat Spiritual Sang Guru Bangsa. Yogyakarta: IRCiSoD.
Horikoshi, H. (1987). Kyai dan Perubahan Sosial. Jakarta: P3M.
Jhonson, D. P. (2008) Contemporary Sociological Theory, an Integrated Multi-Level Approach. Texas: Texas Tech University Lubbock.
Kitiarsa, P. (2008). Asia’s Commodified Sacred Canopies. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
Mosco, V. (1996). The Political Economy of Communication, Rethingking and Renewal. London: Sage Publication.
Muzakki, A. (2008). “Islam A Symbolic Commodity, Transmitting and Consuming Islam Through Public Sermons in Indonesia” (pp. 205-219) in Pattana Kittiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia: Marketing Gods. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
Woodward, M. (2008). Islam Jawa Kesalehan Normatif versus Kebatinan, trans. Hairussalim HS. Yogyakarta: LKiS.
Sunyoto, A. (2016). Atlas Wali Songo, Wali Songo Sebagai Fakta Sejarah. Bandung: Pustaka IIMaN.
Turner, B. S. (2008). “New Spiritualities the Media and Global Religion (da Vinci Code and the Passion of Christ)” (pp. 31-46) in Pattana Kittiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia: Marketing Gods. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.
Weller, R. P. “Asian and the Global Economies of Charisma” (pp. 15-30) in Pattana Kittiarsa (ed.), Religious Commodifications in Asia: Marketing Gods. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group.

Interviews
Interview with Abdullah on 9 August 2017.
Interview with Farid on 22 July 2017.
Interview with Saniah on 24 July 2017.
Published
2017-02-13
How to Cite
*, Abdurrahman. Reproducing Charisma: A Study of Religious Pilgrimage to Hasan Genggong’s Cemetery in Pajarakan Probolinggo. Islamic Studies Journal for Social Transformation, [S.l.], p. 128-143, feb. 2017. ISSN 2615-1286. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/isjoust/article/view/1144>. Date accessed: 16 aug. 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/isjoust.v1i1.1144.
Section
Articles