The Ethnography Study of Tablighi Jamaat’s Da’wah Communication in the Symbolic Interactionism Perspective

  • Joni Rusdiana
  • Prahastiwi Utari UNS Surakarta

Abstract

This article aims to see how the three premises of Blumer's Symbolic Interactionism are able to explain the phenomenon of the Tablighi Jamaat preaching in the form of khuruj and jaulah. The question to be answered in this article is how Tablighi Jamaat interprets the concept of da'wah (preaching), how the meaning constructed and how the meaning maintained or modified. Using the ethnographic method, this study looks at how the three premises of Blumer Symbolic Interactionism work. Based on the findings and results of the analysis, it was found that the construction of the meaning of da'wah in the Tablighi Jamaah was very different from the general understanding of the community. According to the Tablighi Jamaat, da’wah is not a lecture but invites others to obey the rules of Islam. The main purpose of da'wah according to the Tablighi Jamaat is not to improve others but to improve themselves and is obligatory for every Muslim. This series of meaningful constructs has been built since the beginning of this movement, started by Maulana Ilyas. Long before Maulana Ilyas chose and maintained the madrasa as a method of da'wah while continuing to evaluate it to the conclusion that madrasas were not the right solution to improve society as a whole. Furthermore, he applied the methods of da'wah and tabligh which he obtained not from social interaction, but obtained from God's inspired inspiration. Thus, in this phenomenon, the perspective of Blumer Symbolic Interactionism seems to be limited and unable to explain it thoroughly.

References

Abduh, A. M. A. (2008). Kupas Tuntas Jamaah Tabligh 1. Bandung: Khoiru Ummat.

Adler, R. B., & Rodman, G. (2006). Understanding Human Communication (9th ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Aguswara, W. W., Toha, H., & Jalal, F. (2018). Parenting : Tablighi Jamaat Point of View. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 5(5), 156–163.

Ahmadi, D. (2008). Interaksi Simbolik: Suatu Pengantar. Mediator, 9(2), 301–316. https://doi.org/10.29313/mediator.v9i2.1115

Aji, A. B., Utari, P., & Slamet, J. (2019). International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding New Media and Family Planning Information in Bekasi City Family Planning Ambassadors : A Symbolic Interactionism Review. 163–172.

Allan, K. (2006). Contemporary Social and Sociological Theory: Visualizing Social Worlds. Thousand Oaks: Pine Forge Press (an imprint of Sage Publication).

Bakar, D. J. A. (2016). Understanding of Tabligh Jamaat Islamic Law on Family Responsibility in Medan North Sumatra Indonesia. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 5(12), 1504–1512. https://doi.org/10.21275/ART20163470

Blumer, H. (1984). Symbolic Interactionism: Perspective and Method. London: University of California Press.

Esposito, J. L. (2002). Ensiklopedi Oxford: Dunia Islam Modern. Bandung: Mizan.

Griffin, E. (2000). A First Look at Communication Theory. USA: McGraw-Hill.

Haliemah, N., & Kertamukti, R. (2017). Interaksi Simbolis Masyarakat Dalam Memaknai Kesenian Jathilan. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 3(3), 494. https://doi.org/10.24329/aspikom.v3i3.173

Hamdi, S. (2015). Demazhabization of Islam, Divinity Economy and Narratives of Conflict of the Tablighi Followers in Samarinda East Kalimantan. Al-Albab, 4(2), 147–168. https://doi.org/10.24260/alalbab.v4i2.285

Harihanto, Riska, & Nurmanina, A. (2013). Studi Tentang Penggunaan Internet Oleh Pelajar (Studi Pada Penggunaan Internet Oleh Pelajar SMP N 1 Samarinda). Sosiology, 1(4), 37–49.

Hasanah, Umdatul. (2014). Keberadaan Kelompok Jamaah Tabligh dan Reaksi Masyarakat (Perspektif Teori Penyebaran Informasi dan Pengaruh). INDO_ISLAMIKA, 4(1), 21–40.

Hasanah, Uswatun. (2017). Jama’ah Tabligh I (Sejarah dan Perkembangan). El-Afkar, 6(1), 1–10.

Hayadi, N. (2016). Komunikasi Persuasif Tim Tasykil Jamaah Tabligh dalam Menyampaikan Dakwah di Kalangan Warga Muslim (Studi di Kelurahan Tuah Karya Kecamatan Tampan Kota Pekanbaru). JOM FISIP, 3(2), 1–15.

Indra Putra, Z. (2017). The Tablighi Jamaat Movement Its Ideological Concept and Organizational Structure. Afkaruna, 9(1), 16–25. https://doi.org/10.18196/aiijis.2013.0016.16-25

Junaedi, D. (2013). Memahami Teks, Melahirkan Konteks: Menelisik Interpretasi Ideologis Jamaah Tabligh. Journal of Qur’an and Hadith Studies, 2(1), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1548/quhas.v2i1.1274

Kasmana, K. (2011). Jamaah Tabligh Dan Festisism. Visualita, 3(1), 50–60. https://doi.org/10.33375/vslt.v3i1.1098

Littlejohn, S. W., & Foss, K. A. (2005). Theories of Human Communication (8th ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.

Littlejohn, S. W., & Foss, K. A. (2009). Encyclopedia of Communication Theory. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.

Luthfie, M., S Hubeis, A. V., Saleh, A., & Ginting, B. (2017). Interaksi Simbolik Organisasi Masyarakat Dalam Pembangunan Desa. Informasi, 47(1), 19–34. https://doi.org/10.21831/informasi.v47i1.13036

Mahdi, H. (2007). INTERAKSI SOSIAL JAMAAH TABLIGH DI KOTA MALANG (Studi tentang Interaksi Sosial Jamaah Tabligh di Masjid Pelma dan Ponpes Jami’urrahman Malang). El-QUDWAH, 10(1).

Masmuddin, M. (2019). dakwah Jamaah Tabligh dalam Perspektif Masyarakat Palopo. Misykat Al-Manar, 30(1), 130–147.

Metcalf, B. D. (2003). Aktivisme Islam Tradisionalis: Deoband, Tabligh dan Talib. In Dinamika Kontemporer dalam Masyarakat Islam. Jakarta: INIS.

Miftah, M. (2019). Commodification of Merit: Reimaging God (s) through Public and Private Training Classes in Paiton Probolinggo. Islamic Studies Journal for Social Transformation, 140-151.

Munir, A. (2017). Akar Teologis Etos Kerja Jamaah Tabligh Studi Kasus Komunitas Jamaah Tabligh Desa Temboro Kecamatan Karas Magetan. Kodifikasi, 11(1), 1–21.

Mustafa, A., & Al-hikmah, J. (2017). DAKWAH MELALUI METODE SILATURAHMI: Sebuah Tinjauan Reflektif terhadap Aktivitas. IX(14), 1–11.

Poloma, M. M. (2007). Sosiologi Kontemporer. Jakarta: RajaGrafindo Persada.

Putri, P. K. D. (2016). Interaksionisme Simbolik Pasangan Suami-Isteri Ketika Berada di Media WhatsApp (WA). Communicology, 4(1), 1–17.

Ritzer, G., & Goodman, D. J. (2004). Teori Sosiologi Modern (6th ed.). Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Rochmawati, Y., & Listyani, R. H. (2016). Interaksi Sosial Ibu-Ibu Rumah Tangga. Paradigma, 4(2).

Saepuloh, U. (2009). Model Komunikasi Dakwah Jamaah Tabligh. Jurnal Ilmu Dakwah, 4(14), 657–688. https://doi.org/10.15575/jid.v4i14.416

Sari, intan permata. (2014). Simbol Interaksi Kaum Lesbi (Studi Deskriptif Mengenai Simbol - simbol Interaksi Sebagai Wujud Identitas Diri Pada Kelompok Lesbi di Surabaya). 1–16.

Shahab, A. N. M. I. (2007). Khuruj fi Sabilillah: Sarana Tarbiyah Umat untuk Membentuk Sifat Imaniyah. (6th ed.). Bandung: Pustaka Ramadhan.

Siregar, N. S. S. (2011). Kajian Tentang Interaksionisme Simbolik. Perspektif, 4(2), 100–110.

Soeprapto, R. (2002). Interaksionsime Simbolik: Perspektif Sosiologi Modern. Malang: Averroes bekerjasama dengan Pustaka Pelajar.

Subu, A., Arifudin, A., & Jasad, U. (2017). Strategi Dakwah Jamaah Tablig dalam Realitas Konflik Sosial di Kecamatan Masamba Kabupaten Luwu Utara. Diskursus Islam, 5(1), 38–58.

Sultana, S., Islam, T., & Uddin, M. J. (2017). Proliferation of Islamic Monotheism through Religious Tourism : An Overview on Tabligh Jamat in Bangladesh. American Journal of Tourism Management, 6(1), 10–14. https://doi.org/10.5923/j.tourism.20170601.03

Thaib, R. M. (2018). Pragmatisme: Konsep Utilitas Dalam Pendidikan. Intelektualita, 4(1), 96–110.

Tholhah, T. (2010). Perkembangan Jamaah Tabligh di Wilayah Yogyakarta (Studi tentang Peranan Jama’ah Tabligh di Asia Selatan terhadap Jama’ah Tabligh di Yogyakarta 2010-Sekarang). 12–17.

van Ruler, B. (2018). Communication Theory: An Underrated Pillar on Which Strategic Communication Rests. International Journal of Strategic Communication, 12(4), 367–381. https://doi.org/10.1080/1553118X.2018.1452240

Wallace, R. A., & Wolf, A. (1999). Contemporery Sosiological Theory: Expanding the Classical Tradition (5th ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

West, R., & Turner, L. H. (2008). Pengantar Teori Komunikasi: Analisis dan Aplikasi (buku 1). Jakarta: Penerbit Salemba Humanika.

Yusuf, M. (2016). Prinsip Ikrâm al-Muslim Gerakan Dakwah Jamaah Tabligh dalam Membangun Masyarakat Religius di Temboro Magetan. ISLAMICA, 10(2), 299–324. https://doi.org/10.5151/cidi2017-060

Zulaiha, S. (2016). Jama ’ah Tabligh dalam Perspektif Psikologis. Fokus, 1(2), 101–118. https://doi.org/10.1258/1357633042614302

Bustamam-Ahmad, K. (2008). The history of Jama ‘ah Tabligh in Southeast Asia: the role of Islamic Sufism in Islamic revival. Al-Jami'ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 46(2), 353-400. https://doi.org/10.14421/ajis.2008.462.353-400

Hermanto, A. (2015). Hadânah Perspektif Jama’ah Tabligh. Ijtimaiyya: Jurnal Pengembangan Masyarakat Islam, 8(2), 1-26. https://doi.org/10.24042/ijpmi.v8i2.946

Mustofa, M. B. (2019). Hukum Nafkah Terhadap Keluarga Pada Gerakan Dakwah Jama’ah Tabligh. Nizham Journal of Islamic Studies, 7(01), 57-79. https://doi.org/10.123459/nizham.v7i01.1519

Ilyas, M. A. (2018). Kompetensi Juru Dakwah dalam Pandangan Jamā'ah Tabligh. Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi, 2(2).1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.29240/jdk.v2i2.339

Saepuloh, U. (2009). Model Komunikasi Dakwah Jamaah Tabligh. Ilmu Dakwah: Academic Journal for Homiletic Studies, 4(14), 657-688.
Published
2019-10-08
How to Cite
RUSDIANA, Joni; UTARI, Prahastiwi. The Ethnography Study of Tablighi Jamaat’s Da’wah Communication in the Symbolic Interactionism Perspective. Islamic Studies Journal for Social Transformation, [S.l.], p. 104-126, oct. 2019. ISSN 2615-1286. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/isjoust/article/view/2234>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/isjoust.v3i2.2234.
Section
Articles