Ontologi Penelitian Hukum Islam Berbasis Paradigma Guba dan Lincoln

  • Muhammad Helmi Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Syari’ah Samarinda

Abstract

 
This paper aims to analyze and develop research of Islamic law using the paradigm of Guba and Lincoln. The development of the research of Islamic law using Guba and Lincoln paradigm was carried out by adjusting the basic beliefs of each researcher. The ontology of the positivism paradigm is considered realism of naïve. The basic belief of the researcher to understand the rules is “what is written” so that it is textually understanding. The ontology of post-positivism paradigm is critical realism in which the basic beliefs of the researchers are not only textually but also contextually by considering situations and conditions in terms of Asbabun Nuzul and Asbabun Wurud. The ontology of the paradigm of critical theory is historical realism which formed by the factors of social, political, culture, economy, ethnic and genders. The ontology of constructivism realism is called relativism in which the understanding of the rules depends on the individual or group which hold multiple constructions. It means that if the basic belief of a researcher searches through diverse opinions and thought, it has been in the constructivism paradigm. Therefore, the researchers of Islamic law should develop their researches through these various paradigms from the beginning to the end so that they will be guided to answer the research questions.

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Published
2020-06-01
How to Cite
HELMI, Muhammad. Ontologi Penelitian Hukum Islam Berbasis Paradigma Guba dan Lincoln. JURNAL HUKUM ISLAM, [S.l.], p. 1-20, june 2020. ISSN 2502-7719. Available at: <http://e-journal.iainpekalongan.ac.id/index.php/jhi/article/view/2672>. Date accessed: 15 aug. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.28918/jhi.v18i1.2672.
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