The Stratification of Abu al-Shiddiq (w. 108 H) and Qatadah (w. 118 H) in the Narration of the al-Mahdi Hadith

Main Article Content

Kinkin Syamsudin
M. Dede Rodliyana

Abstract

This article discusses the presence or absence of different effects in rawi stratification on hadith narration. The research used was the study of libraries with a content analysis approach based on Ibn Khaldun's stratification theory in the book of Muqaddimah. The study focused on the hadiths of al-Mahdi narrated through the path of Abu al-Shiddiq (d. 108 H) and Abu Nadhrah (d. 103 H). It was found that Qatadah was abu al-Shiddiq's disciple who received the most history, but specifically the history of al-Mahdi he did not receive from him but from another teacher named Abu Nadhrah. The three narrations are both considered as rawi tsiqah, but they have differences in stratification that can expressly be seen the number of hadiths narrated. Qatadah has a history of 12,209, while Abu al-Shiddiq 183 and Abu Nadhrah 1,181. By compiling Ibn Khaldun's stratification theory and data on the number of histories owned by these three rawi people, it is concluded that the difference in stratification between Abu al-Shiddiq, Abu Nadhrah and Qatadah is not the reason Qatadah was not involved in the narration of al-Mahdi hadith from Abu al-Shiddiq.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Artikel

References

‘Asakir, Abu al-Qasim ‘Ali ibn al-Hasan. (1985). Tarikh Dimasyq. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

Abu Syuhbah, Muhammad. (1985). Difa` ‘an as-Sunnah wa Radd Syibh al-Mustasyriqin. Kairo: Majma’ al-Buhuts al-Islamiyyah.

Abu Zahw, Muhammad Muhammad. (t.th.). Al-Hadits wa al-Muhadditsun. Mesir: Mathba’ah al-Ma’rifah.

Ali, Muhammad. (2016). Sejarah dan Kedudukan Sanad dalam Hadis Nabi. Jurnal Tahdis, 7 (1), 51-64.

al-‘Aini, Abu Muhammad Mahmud ibn Ahmad Badruddin. (2006). Maghani al-Akhbar fî Syarh Asami Rijal Ma’ani al-Atsar. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-’Ilmiyyah.

al-‘Alamiyyah, Manahij Jami’ah al-Madinah. (t.th.). Al-Difa ‘an al-Sunnah. Madinah: Universitas Islam Madinah.

al-‘Asqalani, Abu al-Fadl Ahmad ibn ‘Ali ibn Hajar. (1999). Taqrib al-Tahdzib. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

al-Andalusi, al-Walid Sulayman ibn Khalaf al-Qurthubi. (1986). Al-Ta’dil wa al-Tajrih liman Kharaj lahu al-Bukhari fi al-Jami’ al-Shahih. Riyadh: Dar al-Liwa`.

al-Atsari, Akram Muhammad Ziyadah. (t.th.). Al-Mu’jam al-Shagir Liruwah al-Imam Ibn Jarir al-Thabari. Kairo: Dar Ibn ‘Affan.

al-Baghdadi, Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad ibn Sa’ad. (t.th.). Al-Kifayah fi ‘Ilm al-Riwayah. Madinah: Maktabah al-‘Ilmiyyah.

----------. (1990). Al-Thabaqat al-Kubra. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

al-Baghdadi, Abu Bakr Ahmad ibn ‘Ali al-Khatib. (2002). Tarikh Baghdad. Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami.

al-Baghdadi, Abu Zakariya Yahya ibn Ma’in. (1979). Tarikh Ibn Ma’in. Mekah: Markaz al-Bahts al-’Ilmi wa Ihya al-Turats al-Islami.

al-Baghdadi, Ibn Shahin Abu Hafs ‘Umar ibn Ahmad. (1984). Tarikh Asma` al-Tsiqat. Kuwait: Al-Dar al-Salafiyyah.

al-Biqa’i, Burhanuddin Ibrahim ibn ‘Umar. (2007). Al-Nukat al-Wafayah Bima fi Syarh al-Alfiyyah. t.tp: Maktabah al-Rasyd Nashirun.

al-Bukhari, Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad ibn Isma’il. (t.th.). al-Tarikh al-Kabir. Hiderabad: Dairah al-Ma’arf al-Utsmaniyyah.

al-Busti, Muhammad ibn Hibban ibn Ahmad. (1973). Al-Tsiqat. Hiderabad: Dairah al-Ma’arf al-Utsmaniyyah.

al-Dzahabi, Syamsuddin Abu ‘Abdillah Muhammad ibn Ahmad. (1998). Tadzkirah al-Huffazh. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

----------. (2003). Tarikh al-Islam wa Wafayat al-Masyahir wa al-A’lam. t.tmp: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami.

----------. (1992). Al-Kasyif fî Ma’rifah Man Lahu Riwayah fi al-Kitab wa al-Sunnah. Jeddah: Dar al-Qiblah li al-Tsaqafah al-Islamiyyah.

----------. (t.th.). Al-Mughni fi al-Dhu’afa. t.tmp: t.p.

----------. (1963). Mizan al-I’tidal fi Naqd al-Rijal. Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifah.

----------. (1985). Siyar A’lam al-Nubala`. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

Dozan, Wely Dozan. Turmuzi, Muhamad & Sugitanata, Arif. (2020). Konsep Sanad dalam Perspektif Ilmu Hadits (Telaah terhadap Kualitas dan Kuantitas Hadits Nabi Muhammad Saw.), El-Hikam; Journal of Education and Religious Studies, 13 (2), 202-236.

al-Hakari, ‘Ala`uddin Mughlatay ibn Qulayj ibn ‘Abdullah. (2001). Ikmal Tahdzib al-Kamal fi Asma` al-Rijal. t.tmp: Al-Faruq al-Haditsah.

al-Hanbali, Jamaluddin Yusuf ibn Hasan ibn Ahmad. (1992). Bahr al-Dam Fiman Takallam Fihi al-Imam Ahmad bi Madh au Dhamm. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

al-Harawi, ‘Ali ibn Muhammad. (t.th.). Syarh Nukhbah al-Fikr fî Musthalahat Ahl al-Atsar. Beirut: Dar al-Arqam.

al-Hasyimi, Sa’di ibn Mahdi. (1982). Abu Zur’ah al-Razi wa Juhuduh fi al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah. Madinah: ‘Imadah al-Bahts al-‘Ilmi bi al-Jami’ah al-Islamiyyah.

al-Hindi, Abu al-Hasanat Muhammad ‘Abd al-Hay ibn Muhammad ‘Abd al-Halim. (1986). Al-Raf’ wa al-Takmil wa al-Ta’dil. Aleppo: Maktabah al-Mathbu’at al-Islamiyyah.

al-‘Ijli, Abu al-Hasan Ahmad ibn ‘Abdullah ibn Shalih. (1984). Tarikh al-Tsiqat. t.tmp: Dar al-Baz.

‘Itr, Nuruddin Muhammad. (1988). Manhaj al-Naqd fi ‘Ulum al-Hadits. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

al-Jawzi, Jamaluddin Abu al-Farj ‘Abdurrahman. (1991). Al-Hats ‘ala Hifzh al-’Ilm wa Dzikr Kibar al-Huffazh. Aleksandria: Muassasah Syabbab al-Jami’ah.

al-Jazairi, Abu Muhammad Shalih ibn Ahmad ibn Mauhib. (1995). Taujih al-Nazhar ila Ushul al-Atsar. Aleppo: Maktabah al-Mathbu’at al-Islamiyyah.

Jurdi, Syarifuddin. (2014). Sosiologi Islam dan Masyarakat Modern. Jakarta: Prenada Media Group.

al-Kalabadzi, Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Husain. (1986). Al-Hidayah wa al-Irsyad fi Ma’rifah Ahl al-Tsiqah wa al-Sadad. Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifah.

Khaldun, ‘Abdurrahman ibn Muhammad. (2013). Muqaddimmah Ibn Khaldun, terjemahan oleh Masturi Irham, Malik Supar dan Abidun Zuhri. Jakarta: Pustaka al-Kautsar.

Manaf, M. Lutfi Abdul; Ervan, Zulfa M. Fath & Nasirudin. (2020). Kualifikasi Perawi dan Metode dalam Proses Transmisi Hadits. Samawat; Journal of Hadith and Qur’anic Studies, 4 (2), 43-60

Manjuyah, Ahmad ibn ‘Ali ibn Muhammad Abu Bakr. (1986). Rijal Sahih Muslim. Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifah.

al-Mizzi, Yusuf ibn ‘Abdurrahman ibn Yusuf. (1980). Tahdzib al-Kamal fi Asma` al-Rijal. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

Najm, ‘Abdulmun’im al-Sayyid. (1978). ’Ilm al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dil. Madinah: Universitas Islam Madinah.

Nur, Imamul Authon. (2018). Transmisi Hadis dan Misteri ‘An. Al-Bukhari; Jurnal Ilmu Hadis, 2 (2), 255-266.

al-Qasimi, Muhammad Jamaluddin ibn Muhammad. (1932). Qawa’id al-Tahdits min Funun Musthalah al-Hadits. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

al-Qahiri, Zaynuddin Muhammad ‘Abdulrauf ibn Tajul’arifin. (1999). Al-Yawaqit wa al-Durar fî Syarh Nukhbah Ibn Hajar. Riyadh: Maktabah al-Rashd.

al-Qaradhawi, Yusuf. (1995). al-Rasul wa al-‘Ilm. Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.
Raliby, Osman. (1978). Ibn Khaldun tentang Masyarakat dan Negara. Jakarta: Bulan Ibntang.

al-Ramahurmuzi, Abu Muhammad al-Hasan ibn ‘Abdurrahman ibn Khalad. (1982). Al-Muhaddits al-Fashil baina al-Rawi wa al-Wa’i. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

al-Razi, ‘Abdurrahman ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Hatim. (1952). Al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dil. Beirut: Dar Ihya al-Turath al-‘Arabi.

Saehudin, Akhmad. (2015). Kedudukan Sanad (Transmisi Hadis Nabi Saw) Menurut Para Ulama Klasik. Holistik al-Hadis, 1 (1), 57-70.

Saifuddin. (2009). Transmisi Hadis dan Kontribusinya dalam Pembentukan Jaringan Keilmuan dalam Islam. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Ushuluddin, 8 (2), 255-285.

al-Shalah, Abu ‘Amr Utsman ibn ‘Abdurahman. (1987). Siyanah Shahih Muslim min al-lkhlal wa al-Ghalat wa Himayatuh min al-Isqat wa al-Saqt. Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami.

----------. (1986) Muqaddimah Ibn al-Shalah. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

al-Shan’ani, ‘Izzuddin Muhammad ibn Isma’il ibn Shalah. (2006). Isbal al-Mathar ‘ala Qasb al-Sakar. Beirut: Dar Ibn Hazm.

al-Siniki, Zaynuddin Abu Yahya. (2002). Fath al-Baqqi Bisyarh Alfiyyah al-‘Iraqi. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

al-Subki, Tajuddin ‘Abd al-Wahab ibn Taqiyuddin. (1990). Qa’idah fi al-Jarh wa al-Ta’dil. Beirut: Dar al-Basha`ir.

Sugiyono. (2010). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif dan Kualitatif. Bandung: CV Alfabeta.

Sunarto, Kamanto. (2000). Pengantar Sosiologi. Jakarta: Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia.

al-Suyuthi, 'Abdurrahman Jalalluddin. (1988) Tadrib al-Rawi fi Syarh Taqrib al-Nawawi. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

Syamsudin, Kinkin & Rodliyana, M. Dede. (2021). Stratifikasi Periwayat Hadis menurut Ibn al-Jawzi (w. 597 H) dalam kitab al-Hats ‘ala Hifz al-‘Ilm wa Dzikr Kibar al-Huffazh. Diroyah: Jurnal Studi Ilmu Hadis, 5 (2), 81-93.

al-Zahrani, Muhammad ibn Mathar. (2008). Tadwin al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah; Nasy`atuh wa Tathawwuruh min al-Qarn al-Awwal ila Nihayah al-Qarn al-Tasi’ al-Hijri. Riyadh: Maktabah Dar al-Manhaj.
Abstract viewed = 57 times
PDF downloaded = 44 times