Transformative Sufism of KH. Abdurrahman Wahid

Main Article Content

Edi Nurhidin
Ngainun Naim
Muhammad Fahim Dinana

Abstract

This paper observes the idea of Abdurrahman Wahid's Sufism. It is important to study Sufism in the strengthening of dual morality in Indonesian Muslims. It is to complement the development of contemporary Sufism discourse in the archipelago as well. The research method of this paper was a literature review. The data used in this paper were the works of Abdurrahman Wahid in the form of a collection of articles, bookkeeping of 'preface', and 'preface' which were scattered in several other people's books as well as other relevant writing sources. The data that had been collected were then analyzed using a qualitative content analysis method according to the topic of the writing. The results of this research found that Abdurrahman Wahid's idea of Sufism contributed significantly to the realization of the basic values and teachings of Islam in the life of religion, society, nation, and state. It indicates that Abdurrahman Wahid has transformed the meaning and actualized Sufism from and for Sufism. Love and compassion play a central role at the core of Sufism which is actively manifested in social life to fight for human values and principles.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Artikel

References

Admin. (2016, October 24). Siapa itu Orang Islam? Retrieved July 24, 2021, from https://www.nu.or.id/post/read/72352/siapa-itu-orang-islam

Anam, N., Syaikhotin, S., & Asy’ari, H. (2019). Tasawuf Transformatif di Indonesia. Al-Mada: Jurnal Agama, Sosial, Dan Budaya, 2(2), 64–75. https://doi.org/10.31538/almada.v2i2.337

Barton, G. (1999). Memahami Abdurrahman Wahid. In Abdurrahman Wahid, Prisma Pemikiran Gus Dur (Cet. 1). Yogyakarta: LKIS.

Barton, G. (2010). Biografi Gus Dur: The Authorized Biography of Abdurrahman Wahid (II; A. Suaedy, Ed.; L. Hua, Trans.). Yogyakarta: Lkis Yogyakarta.

Basyir, M. (2016). Pembelaan Gus Dur terhadap Kesesatan Ahmadiyah (Pembacaan Hermeneutika Schleiermacher). RELIGIA, 35–63. https://doi.org/10.28918/religia.v19i1.659

Bruinessen, M. van. (1992). Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah di Indonesia: Survei historis, geografis, dan sosiologis. Mizan.

Bruinessen, M. van. (1995). Kitab Kuning, Pesantren, dan Tarekat: Tradisi-tradisi Islam di Indonesia. Mizan.

Bruinessen, M. van, & Howell, J. D. (Eds.). (2008). Urban Sufism. Jakarta: Rajawali Pers.

Dhakiri, M. H. (2010). 41 Warisan Kebesaran Gus Dur. Yogyakarta: Lkis Pelangi Aksara.

Erdianto, K. (2017, September 7). Kata Gus Dur, Tuhan Tidak Perlu Dibela... Retrieved July 24, 2021, from Kompas.com website: https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2017/09/07/14100001/kata-gus-dur-tuhan-tidak-perlu-dibela

Farela, A. (2018). Kata-kata Gus Dur untuk Indonesia. Surabaya: Ecosystem.

Furchan, A., & Maimun, A. (2005). Studi Tokoh: Metode Penelitian mengenai Tokoh. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Harahap, S. (2011). Metodologi Studi Tokoh Pemikiran Islam. Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Harahap, S. (2014). Metodologi Studi Tokoh dan Penulisan Biografi (Edisi Kedua). Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Howell, J. D. (2001). Sufism and the Indonesian Islamic Revival. The Journal of Asian Studies, 60(3), 701–729. https://doi.org/10.2307/2700107

Huda, S. (2015). Tasawuf Kultural: Fenomena Shalawat Wahidiyah. Surabaya: Imtiyaz.

Mas’ud, A. (2018). Pemikiran Tasawuf KH. Saleh Darat Al-Samarani: Maha Guru Para Ulama Nusantara (Vol. 1; W.
Mansyur, Ed.). Pustaka Idea. Retrieved from http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/35778/

Muhammad, H. (2012). Sang Zahid: Mengarungi Sufisme Gus Dur. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Muvid, M. B. (2020). Tasawuf Kontemporer. Jakarta: Amzah.

Naim, N. (2016). Abdurrahman Wahid: Universalisme Islam dan Toleransi. Kalam, 10(2), 423–444. https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v10i2.8

Ni’am, S., & Nurhayati, A. (2018). Tasawuf Kebhinnekaan Perpektif Sufi Nusantara (No.). Tulungagung: IAIN Tulungagung Press. Retrieved from http://repo.iain-tulungagung.ac.id/13216/

Ni’am, S., & Nurhayati, A. (2019). Tasawuf Kebhinnekaan (The Sufism of Diversity) according to the Perspective of Indonesian Sufis: A Response toward the Problem of Diversity, Religiousity and Nationality in Indonesia.
International Journal of Philosophy and Theology (IJPT), 7(2). https://doi.org/10.15640/ijpt.v7n2p1

Nurani, S. (2018). Urban Sufism And Transformation Of Islamic Culture In Millenial Society. RELIGIA, 156–169. https://doi.org/10.28918/religia.v21i2.1508

Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia. (2021a). Biografi Presiden [Situs web Kepustakaan Presiden-Presiden Republik Indonesia]. Retrieved July 13, 2021, from https://kepustakaan-presiden.perpusnas.go.id/biography/?box=detail&presiden_id=3&presiden=gusdur

Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia. (2021b). Koleksi Kata Mutiara [Situs web Kepustakaan Presiden-Presiden Republik Indonesia]. Retrieved July 24, 2021, from https://kepustakaan-presiden.perpusnas.go.id/wise_word/?box=detail&id=21&from_box=list&hlm=1&search_ruas=&search_keyword=&activation_status=&presiden_id=3&presiden=gusdur

Pradityas, Y. B., Hanafi, I., & Zaduqisti, E. (2015). Maqamat Tasawuf dan Terapi Kesehatan Mental (Studi Pemikiran Amin Syukur). RELIGIA, 187–206. https://doi.org/10.28918/religia.v18i2.627

Qomar, M. (2014). Ragam Pengembangan Pemikiran Tasawuf di Indonesia. Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, 9(2), 249–284. https://doi.org/10.21274/epis.2014.9.2.249-284

Qomar, M. (2019). Pemikiran Islam Indonesia: Tradisi-tradisi Kreatif dan Metodologis Intelektual Muslim di Indonesia (1st ed.). Malang: Madani Media.

Qomar, M. (2021). Moderasi Islam Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Ircisod.

Ricklefs, M. C. (2013). Mengislamkan Jawa; Sejarah Islamisasi di Jawa dan Penentangnya dari 1930 sampai Sekarang (F. D. Sunardi & S. Wahono, Trans.). Jakarta: Serambi Ilmu Semesta.

Rofi, S., Prasetiya, B., & Setiawan, B. A. (2019). Pendidikan Karakter dengan Pendekatan Tasawuf Modern Hamka dan Transformatif Kontemporer. Intiqad: Jurnal Agama Dan Pendidikan Islam, 11(2), 396–414. https://doi.org/10.30596/intiqad.v11i2.2658

Rubaidi, R. (2018). The Role of Urban Sufism of Shalawat Muhammad Assembly on Urban Middle Class Society. Jurnal Ushuluddin, 26(2), 183–199. https://doi.org/10.24014/jush.v26i2.4895

Shihab, A. (2009). Akar Tasawuf di Indonesia: Antara Tasawuf Sunni & Tasawuf Falsafi. Pustaka IMaN.

Simuh. (2002). Sufisme Jawa: Transformasi Tasawuf Islam Ke Mistik Jawa. Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Sobary, M. (1997). Pengantar; Membaca dengan Sikap Total dan Empati. In Abdurrahman Wahid, Kiai Nyentrik Membela Pemerintah. Yogyakarta: Lkis Pelangi Aksara.

Syam, N. (2013). Tarekat Petani; Fenomena Tarekat Syattariyah Lokal. Lkis Pelangi Aksara.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (1997). Kiai Nyentrik Membela Pemerintah. Yogyakarta: Lkis Pelangi Aksara.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (1999). Prisma Pemikiran Gus Dur (Cet. 1). Yogyakarta: LKIS.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2001). Pengantar: Antara Tasawuf Sunni dan Tasawuf Falsafi. In A. Shihab, Islam Sufistik: “Islam Pertama” dan Pengaruhnya Hingga Kini di Indonesia. Bandung: Mizan.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2002). Pengantar: Yang Kita Perlukan Obyektifitas Tasawwuf. In M. L. Hakim, Negeri tanpa Kyai; Esai Politik Sufi. Jakarta: Pustaka Ciganjur.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2006). Islamku, Islam anda, Islam kita: Agama Masyarakat Negara Demokrasi. Jakarta: Wahid Institute.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2007a). Gus Dur Menjawab Kegelisahan Rakyat. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kompas.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2007b). Islam Kosmopolitan: Nilai-nilai Indonesia & Transformasi Kebudayaan. Jakarta: Wahid Institute.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2008). Kata Pengantar. In S. Niam, The Wisdom of K.H. Achmad Siddiq: Membumikan Tasawuf. Jakarta: Erlangga.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2010a). Membaca Sejarah Nusantara: 25 Kolom Sejarah Gus Dur. Yogyakarta: Lkis Pelangi Aksara.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2010b). Tabayun Gus Dur: Pribumisasi Islam, Hak Minoritas, Reformasi Kultural. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2011). Sekadar Mendahului: Bunga Rampai Kata Pengantar. Bandung: Penerbit Nuansa.

Wahid, Abdurrahman. (2016). Tuhan Tidak Perlu Dibela. Yogyakarta: Saufa (Bekerjasama dengan LKis).

Wahid, Alissa. (2012). Kata Pengantar. In H. Muhammad, Sang Zahid: Mengarungi Sufisme Gus Dur. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Wahid, Alissa. (2017, June 9). Gus Dur, Pahlawan Rakyat. Retrieved July 8, 2021, from DW.COM website: https://www.dw.com/id/gus-dur-pahlawan-rakyat/a-40375142

Wasid, W. (2016). Tasawuf Nusantara Kiai Ihsan Jampes Menanggapi Jalan Ma’rifat, Menjaga Harmoni Umat. Surabaya: Pustaka Idea. Retrieved from http://digilib.uinsby.ac.id/6459/

Yulianto, R. (2014). Tasawuf Transformatif sebagai Solusi Problematika Manusia Modern dalam Perspektif Pemikiran Tasawuf Muhammad Zuhri. Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf Dan Pemikiran Islam, 4(1), 56–87. https://doi.org/10.15642/teosofi.2014.4.1.56-87

Zamhari, A. (2013). Socio-Structural Innovations in Indonesia’s Urban Sufism: The Case Study of the Majelis Dzikir and Shalawat Nurul Mustafa. JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN ISLAM, 7(1), 119-144–144. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2013.7.1.119-144.

Zuhri, A. (2016). Tasawuf dalam Sorotan Epistemologi dan Aksiologi. RELIGIA, 1–34. https://doi.org/10.28918/religia.v19i1.658
Abstract viewed = 77 times
PDF downloaded = 72 times